Trip to rest in the historic Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor, a historic site on the island of Oahu, offers visitors never forget. Scroll down the page and learn more about this place that changed the course of the country in World War II and some other places of interest around it.
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Welcome to the Harbor Pier, the most visited tourist destination island of Oahu. Acquainted with a rich American history, you will surely remember this experience for a long period of time. We present some interesting facts about this place and the reasons why to visit this small piece of the historic island of Hawaii.
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Pearl Harbor, which is also called & # 39; Pu & # 39; uloa & # 39 ;, located on the island of Oahu, west of Honolulu, Hawaii’s capital. This place is well known by the Japanese attack in 1941, when in 1177 the water drowned sailors.
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The reason there was in 1931, when the Japanese began their efforts to create an entire empire in Asia. After the attack on China in 1937, they moved to Thailand and the Philippines to achieve its goal. UK (United Kingdom) was against this action and start to turn off help and freezing Japanese assets in each respective country.
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Followed by Great Britain, America and Japan to stop pushing their stride. Responding to the US, the Japanese launched an attack through the aircraft and midget submarines. Despite the fact that Americans have deciphered the attack code, they could not find the exact location before the attack occurred. The Japanese attacked and turned the day into a black day for Americans, which crippled the fleet and hunted in 2350 lives in 1177 from Arizona.
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In Pearl Harbor, you can carefully study the history by visiting the Visitor Center of Arizona Memorial. You will get the opportunity to take on board a Navy ship to travel to the Arizona Memorial, where on a marble wall inscribed the names of all the one thousand one hundred seventy-seven sailors and marines.

During the tour to Pearl Harbor you can enjoy the outstanding sights of the island of Oahu, including the Polynesian Cultural Center, the north shore and some of the world-famous museums, such as the submarine USS Bowfin, submarine USS Missouri and the Pacific Aviation Museum ocean. Magic City Honolulu is also in close proximity to the place where pleasure and satisfaction must for every visitor.

For accommodation you need not worry, as many hotels, and rent a condo-apartment provides quality accommodation with all modern amenities and recreational activities, depending on your budget. There are many eateries that offer fresh sea food as well as traditional Hawaiian dishes. To meet your needs in the stores, you can move to the city of Honolulu, where you will find a number of shopping areas of the world level.

Without a doubt, a visit to Pearl Harbor will be a unique experience in your life, memorable for a long period of time. To make your trip in advance, you can browse the Internet, where some reliable sites provide a variety of travel packages, depending on your budget. Together with a & # 39 objects for travel they can arrange accommodation and tour guides to show you all the sights. prices and services must be analyzed well offered on the site. This will help you find the right package for a tour of Pearl Harbor from a reputable travel company.
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The most popular US city

In the United States to visit some of the most popular cities. They can be found in various US states, such as Minnesota, Colorado, Texas and Kansas. Beautiful scenery, reasonable housing prices and high schools make them one of the most residential areas in the United States.
Plymouth, Minnesota, belongs to the first hundred of the most convenient locations in the US in 2008. Accommodation is reasonable. Two-and the usual three-room house is 350 000 dollars. There are 50 000 new jobs for residents. The city has many beautiful lakes that are suitable for water skiing, boating and fishing.
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The Mall of America, the largest US shopping center, is just a short drive from Plymouth. Plymouth also boasts of its cultural activities and summer concerts, which are usually held in the amphitheater of al-fresco, Hilde Performance Center. The festival of fire and ice is held every February, including sports activities such as bowling, basketball and mini-golf – all of them are carried out on the ice!
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Fort Collins, Colorado, is also worth a visit in America. In each of the new road rocky town has a bike path. In the old town area of ​​the city there are more than two dozen eateries and four mikravyazachnyya plants. The new oncology center of the city will soon be the home of the award-Valley Health System powder in the framework of the outstanding medical services.
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Companies that are engaged in biology and technology, supported by a high level of employment here in Colorado. Colorado State University has excellent views in the city center. Soon, in the center of the city will implement a project on solar energy through a financial grant from the Department of Energy.

In Naperville, Illinois, in the heart of many restaurants, shops and shopping malls goods. Insidious games such as slip and slides are suitable here in his big front yards. Famous Riverwalk – is about two miles away brick path that aims for DuPazh River. Its proximity to Chicago – a bonus point, although most companies offer employment opportunities in the city. The American Public Library Hennen assessed the public library as the best city in the United States among small towns.
Round Rock, Texas, as a & # 39 is one of the most popular cities in the United States. He has excellent schools, affordable housing, and the computer industry, which make it one of the most populated cities in the country. The campus of Texas State University and three medical centers – the pride of the city. Round Rock – house young baseball team ligi– Round Rock Express, shopping centers and beautiful long lake. Eight hectares of open area and two golf courses – favorite place of residents.
It should also find time to see Overland Park, Kansas. It is close to the Kansas City, Missouri. Their accommodation is very reasonable, and the inhabitants of many employment opportunities. School is one of the best in the country. The town is known for its dendrareem and the botanical garden. Despite modernization, the city supports nature.
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Also visit Echo Park just 2 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles with a hilly terrain, which makes it unique among neighborhoods. This place has a lively mix of culture, business, architecture, income and social and civic endeavors. Its historic architecture, varied topography and the tireless efforts of citizens to protect their historic artistic community – this is a plus to preserve the sense of place and eclectic Ecopark. The most attractive areas to neighborhoods with the & # 39 is the height of Angelina in the area of ​​Lake Echo.
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The contribution of archeology in the trail of Lewis and Clark

Archeology: SUPPORT FOR Leavis and Clark

Archeology faced with special problems in determining the campsites on the trail, but has benefited from recent advances in technology. In contrast to the field of the Civil War battlefield or visit the pre-historic home track, the expedition route gives very little evidence. Lewis and Clark campsites difficult to confirm because the researchers have left few traces. In 2004, the authors of “Lewis and Clark”, “Heritage Memories” and “New Perspective” had a dark look at the archaeological role in bitsenale Lewis and Clark. Ya
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This article draws a vivid picture of reviewing the literature up to the present time to explore some of the relatively recent developments in the field of archeology. It focuses on areas in Montana, Idaho, Oregon and the Columbia River Basin in Washington Camp station. It will also put forward new scientific methods used to search for campsites, and explore how these findings have helped to save some of these sites from destruction.
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National Park Service has always supported archaeological research and in favor of maintaining the trails. Their website lists the efforts of the Commission of Lewis and Clark Trail, Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation Inc. and other public and private organizations which attempt to find and keep track of. Modern Americans can only see a few places on the trail as they saw the Lewis and Clark. On the NPS website has photos that show more pristine views of many sites.
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NPS lists sites in Montana and other states, such as site 32, Fort Mandan and 34, Fort Klatsap of archaeological significance. ii
On the & # 39; archaeological research facilities in Montana include:
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Area 3 Lemchen-pass; Site 4, Lolo Trail; Site14 State Park Rock Beaverhead Rock; Stage 15, pass Bozeman; Area 16, in the Buffalo jump Arrow Creek; 17 playground, camp, disappointment; Playground 18 joint Maryyas and Missouri rivers; Area 19 Gate mountains; Site 20, Great Falls; Site 21, Lewis and Clark; Site 22, the Lewis fight Blekfet site; Playground 23, Upper Missouri River breaks national monument; Area 24, Pompey and pillar; Playground 25 Rocks Horses; Site 26, Ross Hall; Platform 27, three forks of Missouri; and the site of 28, travelers and vacation. iii

Buffalo Jump, leisure travelers and the bottom of the Great Falls were particularly useful for archaeologists.

Jump buyfalav in Arrow Creek
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In a beautiful section of “White Cliffs”, which took place in Missouri, the expedition “Lewis” and “Clark” probably were the first US citizens, who saw and recorded the buffalo jump site, where were still dead animals. 29 mine in 1805 during the Lewis and Clark expedition occurred this leap. He was on the north side of the base 120 along the Missouri-futovay rocks that came up almost to the water’s edge. Men watched and smelled the carcasses of more than 100 dead and rotting buffaloes, which are devoured by wolves.
Place was discovered in 1963 as a group 24CH240 Interdepartmental Program for the archaeological rescue Missouri basin, which conducted a survey of places in this part of the river. rescue team found only two bone fragments, some others of whom also watched a private owner. IV
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traveler Rest

On vacation “Traveler” in the 1990s, aerial infrared photography showed evidence of ring caps. Historical research coincided with the coordinates of latitude and longitude recorded by Lewis and Clark in the very place Lola Creek. Dan Hall and other equipment used magnetometers to find changes in the magnetic properties of the soil. They also found Vaughn cracked rock, and charcoal solid lead puddle.
These findings suggest that this place is exposed to strong heat, believed to be a result of a large military cook, cooking. They knew that the expedition had melted their empty cans with lead powder to make musket balls, thereby puddle of lead.
Sites of other countries, which are discussed in this article include sites 32, Fort Mandan and 34, Fort Klatsap. Later, archaeologists have found signs that the trench was dug 300 meters from the firing zone, which corresponds to the requirements of the army at the time, regulating the location of toilets. vyparshchyka mercury tests confirmed the presence of mercury in the trench, and not in the surrounding soil. In his journal, Lewis noted that at least two men were sick at this point travel and receive medicines that contain a sufficient amount of mercury, which would pass through the body and left in place. v These pills are known as “Dr. Rush” were sixty percent of mercury, which is not decomposed.
These findings are significant because the area was surrounded by the living area, which is growing rapidly, and camping was recognized as one of the most endangered historic places in the nation in 1999. This popularity has helped to attract a grant fund Melanie Richard King, which allowed the purchase of 15 hectares is considered the heart of the camping. vi
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Lower portage Big Falls

In the 1990s on the site of the lower body of water large bodies of water of the Missouri River in Montana Dr. Ken Karsmiski I studied one of the areas marked by the remains of 12 fires. Researchers & # 39; Magazines tell us about 12 days in this camp. Three fires are equally spaced in a line that involves organized camping were found. Arheamagnitnyya charred remains of dates that correspond to the occupation of Lewis and Clark. They also radiocarbon dated with carved wooden stakes disclosed in the vertical position in the soil to 1810 ± 40, and a portion of the bones of bison to 1810 ± 50. Party members “C” D produced a large amount of the dried fish, meat and pemmikanav (dried meat bison mixed with fat), while in the camp at Big Falls. Karsmizki added the fifth spot at which he hoped to obtain the remains of a collapsible boat with an iron frame, which the party has refused top of a large waterfall, because they lacked materials – pine tar and needles for sewing together – it is necessary for the manufacture of utensils waterproof. vii
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Articles about campsites in archeology We continued to work include a search of the elusive iron boats, canoes Elavston camp, Fort Mandan area in North Dakota and the search for Camp Wood / Camp Dubois, near St. Louis St. Louis. While the search for iron ship Ken Karsmizki exciting and receiving letters to the editor, in this article it is too involved. Assistance received from the Great Falls of NASA, will be discussed later.

Canoeing Elavston camp should be revised due to recent events. Article by Ken Karsmizki in WPO , Vol. 21 no. 4 “Search hidden, some effort to find the expedition camp”, with the & # 39; is a compelling discussion of the difficulties faced archaeologists in 1995. It is also an excellent overview of archeology. The lack of concrete facts in notebooks, changing the course of rivers, historical fires and floods, poorly drawn maps and erosion, the recent invasion of the land and the unreliability of local informants were problems in all archaeological sites, not to mention the fact. resources and funding.

Despite the problems, the author is optimistic that archeology eventually pulled from the scope of the historical facts of history and folklore, and justify them in material reality. viii

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Canoe Camp Elavston

The camp on the island of Yelaston River – a place that is being investigated as a possible site of the camp by canoe kayak in July 1806. Archaeologist Tom Rust began research on the island in 2011, when historian and cartographer Ralph Sonders Rust convinced that he has placed the canoe seat. His study of the original maps, historic photographs and aerial photographs enabled him to make sure that his calculations found a place at eight other sites were considered for the camp along the 12-mile mile River between Columbus and Park City.

Rust explore the island using magnetometers and meters of soil sustainability to assess violations and soil compaction. The hope was that the survey will be able to find an old fireplace, toilet, place the head, and even the way in which men are moved by camping. Their efforts were rewarded when they had several metal detector and found a perfectly round lead ball, which is believed to have been sidelined. Isotopic analysis was consistent with the artifact from vacation travelers. They also found mercury deposit in the wells, which corresponded to what was found in the vacation traveler. Buckle and bone, expressed in the same field at the same depth, and some brought near what looked like fire him, tested with an acceptable date range, were further proof that it was a camp canoe.

This site is interesting for the environment, as the river Elavston greatly moved. Fortunately, when the river was moving, even forming a new channel, and then bouncing back, the island seems to be spared from destruction by flood waters, which could wash away any evidence of the expedition. ix

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After returning home in May 1806 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near Kami, waiting, when the snow melts in the mountains Bitterta. Meryvater Lewis on this route sent Sergeant John Ordeuya and two other people to the Snake River to trade salmon with “Nez Perce” – the food necessary for their passage through the mountains. Ordeuey wrote about the trip in their magazine. “We have come a long house and down the hills in the worst we’ve ever seen, as the broken road”, – stated in the materials of the magazine. And on their arrival in the village: “For a long time they invited us spread robes, so we sat and faced us with fried salmon and some of their white bread, which they called & # 39; uppah & # 39; the length of a hundred feet or twenty feet wide, and all in one. ”

State archaeologist Ken Reid with Idaho State Historical Society led project to investigate in Cougar Rapids Bar. They found a groove lodges and slope, where they are likely to wait until the fish was prepared. Using high-tech tools to look below the surface, Dr. Reid’s team reflected the rim of an apartment building and hearths or fireplaces, which ran down the middle. Dr. Reid and his team dug a small test pit in the hearth and picked up the mound on one side of the house, and found the artifacts – carbon dated to the early 1800s. They also found a half blue glass ball, two brass taps and a tiny arrow. These data in conjunction with a description of a village in Ordway magazine, as well as other studies of possible ways to Snake River make Dr. Reed is very sure that this is where Ordeuey and his men stayed two nights Trading salmon. x

Sites Rock Fort and Camp station, as well as Fort Klatsap on the far western part of the trail also had new development. Proven methodology Karsmizki – is long laborious process of analysis charts and magazines, geophysical surveys and interpretation of test sites and, if it is to justify the wide excavation and laboratory analyzes. This analysis includes dendrochronology, radiocarbon dating, dating arheamagnitnyya, lead isotope analysis and faunal analysis in many laboratories in the US and Canada. This finding helped NASA and the US Air Force.

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Rock fortress

In an interview with & # 39; nd correspondent John Komptanu Oregon in July 2010. Ken Karsmiski spoke about his research in the Rock Fort and NASA help in this project. He pointed out that Discovery housing latitude calculations were not accurate, and maps of the same area were different. He said: “They (with D) wrote a million words in their journals, but nine journalists see everything differently, especially at a distance people are changing their views on the environmental features The same thing happened everywhere they went..” Karsmizki should It was to see the course map and look at the details. NASA has offered to help with four satellites use sensors to create maps The Dalles, that they might impose on the Lewis and Clark map. Incidentally, this Mill Creek and the bank of the Columbia River. They then used ground penetrating radar in and put thirty-six holes in the lattice in the region in which they considered there. If it is not, they have committed themselves to reducing the three, because Clark wrote that they were in artificial fort established by stone walls, and they were afraid to attack. The area was covered grobnay surface and had seven feet on top of the historical surface. On the windowsill, they were able to find the dog’s skull and leather strips.

Unfortunately, in the Columbia River there is only one site Rock Fort, which is no longer under water because of dams. It is located in Dali, near the underpass Union Street and is in state hands. It was a good place because it was not a single building, and napavnyalnae coating may retain it for excavation. xi

NASA satellite images connect precisely with detailed historical maps to help find Karsmizkam camping. In some cases, technology can reduce the potential area of ​​several square miles up to ten hectares. Office for applications of NASA’s Earth Science image provided Karsmizki and his team. Mark Giardini, Acting Deputy Director ESAD in Stennis, said that the NASA scientists could create a 360-degree view of the area where the traveling researchers and archaeologists can get the same kind as that of aircraft. Color is very important when looking for historical places. For example, a small difference in the shade of a large wheat field may indicate a place outpost. xii

Station Camp Fort Vancouver

Opening the case of Lewis and Clark passed here only 10 days. Historians have called the place “Station Camp”, because the main sightseeing station Lieutenant William Clark was a detailed and accurate map of the mouth of the Columbia River. and vicinity. Dr. Wilson is the principal investigator, included in research and development of various scientific methods to establish the chronology of the site and obtain additional information from the artifacts, including carbon-14 dating, ground penetrating radar, magnetometers analysis and isotopic analyzes. Dr. Wilson – archaeologist regional department of the National Park Service in the western region of the Pacific, based at the National historic site of Fort Vancouver. He was also the main link with the Indian tribes that have pretendentsyi the site of Central Village. For his work he was awarded the John Kotera. John Kotter was one of the founding fathers of historical archeology in the United States. xiii

His work was important for the eco-footprints, because his research formed the basis for the interpretation of the park development on Station Camp / Middle Village Village and the project, which involved the nation Chinook, Washington, and the National Park Service. He also attracted students and the public, thereby raising awareness of the importance of the site for the history.

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Fort Klatsap

Fort Klatsop, in the Columbia River about five miles south of the modern Astoria, was the winter camp 1805 33rd housing opening and the first tangible evidence of the United States on the Pacific coast in the words of Steven Beckham the historical Lewis and Clark College. Fort became critical to US claims to the region.

The original settlement a little more than three months, it was recorded that may burn in the 1850s to make way for the Pioneer Garden. In 1955, the local community has built a replica of Fort Klatsapa (named after the local tribe), to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the expedition. In 2005, Fort Klatsap again burned down just a month before the on-site will be scheduled two-year celebration of Lewis and Clark.

Federal arson investigation found that the restored Fort Klatsop was the victim of an accidental fire, which started with a traveling angle of the working chamber. Investigators can forgive instantly regarded archeology as suspects. Although some excavations were carried out on the site of the camp in 1950, the destruction of replica given archaeologists of the National Park Service to Doug Wilson opportunity properly to excavate this site with the use of modern methods, including remote sensing. His crew has already identified about 20 percent of the site without disturbing the concrete foundation of the reconstructed fort, including several deep holes filled with charcoal, the possible remains of dug wells for the fortress. “We have turned this tragedy into a real possibility,” – said Wilson. xiv

NASA also participated in this site. Satellite data includes a 30-meter Mapper Landsat Thematic and 1 meter IKONOS data space way xv

NASA Changing the face of the West, and archaeological research

Мэта навукоўцаў NASA і іншых даследчыкаў, якія працуюць над адмысловым двухгадовым праектам, складала здымкі дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання спадарожнікаў і самалётаў з мэтай стварэння дакладных трохмерных карт і візуалізацыі кемпінгаў Льюіса і Кларка для дарог і прыпынкаў, а таксама вырабляць калекцыя спадарожнікавых здымкаў, даступная ў Інтэрнэце. Акрамя археалагічных даследаванняў, задачы па кіраванні ландшафтам ўключаюць ацэнку ўздзеяння рэжымаў парушэння пажараў на дзікіх землях на экасістэмы, маніторынг змены забалочаных участкаў, вымярэнне гарадской экспансіі, адсочванне шкодных і інвазівных пустазелля, а таксама адлюстраванне вегетатыўнай мазаікі для ключавых лагераў Люіса і Кларка, такіх як Форт Клатсоп ( зіма 1805-1806).

Гэты праект быў распрацаваны на падставе пагаднення NASA Space Space, у якім удзельнічалі таленты кампаніі GCS Research, кампаніі па геаграфічных прасторах інфармацыйных тэхналогій у Місуле, штат Мантана і TechLink Center of State University (MSU). “Пастаяннае значэнне экспедыцыі Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery складаецца ў часопісах і картах, якія яны стваралі. Яны ўяўляюць сабой здымак з прыроднай гісторыі Паўночнай Амерыкі дзвесце гадоў таму. Наборы дадзеных дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання NASA ўяўляюць сабой яшчэ адзін здымак у час “, – сказаў Уэстон, менеджэр тэхналогій MSU TechLink Center. xvi

У 2003 годзе NASA, GCS Research і яго тэхналагічныя партнёры будавалі адзін з этапаў геасістэмы Lewis і Clark, які ўключае ў сябе геабазічную базу дадзеных дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання камбінаваных актываў з розных існуючых геапрасторальных рэсурсаў для Lewis і Clark Trail. Выявы QuickGird DigitalGlobe былі ўключаны ў растравы каталог Lewis and Clark. xvii

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Яшчэ адным прадуктам, распрацаваным падчас праекта Льюіса і Кларка, стала віртуальная і дакладная рэндэрынг некалькіх гістарычных сайтаў Корпуса Адкрыццяў, асабліва Форт-Клатсап. Гэтыя віртуальныя прадукты пашыраюць навуковыя даследаванні і служаць для навучання і інфармавання насельніцтва пра праект і яго вынікі. Па заканчэнні праекта былі апрацаваны трыццаць розных набораў дадзеных дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання космасу NASA. Гіперспектральныя дадзеныя адкрываюць новыя магчымасці для будучых археалагічных адкрыццяў. Гіперспектральная тамаграфія дзеліць спектр на значна больш дыяпазонаў, чым можа выявіць чалавечае вока. Мэтай гіперспектральнай візуалізацыі з'яўляецца атрыманне спектру для кожнага пікселя ў выяве сцэны з мэтай пошуку аб'ектаў, ідэнтыфікацыі матэрыялаў альбо выяўлення працэсаў.

Тэхналогія дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання і аналіз малюнкаў зараз перажываюць глыбокі зрух у акцэнтах ад шырокай класіфікацыі да выяўлення, ідэнтыфікацыі і стану канкрэтных матэрыялаў, як арганічных, так і неарганічных.

Гэтыя новыя тэхналогіі прапануюць археолагам яшчэ больш магчымасцей для даследаванняў і аналізу. Адной з магчымых абласцей, дзе гіперспектральныя дадзеныя могуць быць вельмі каштоўнымі, з'яўляецца фітаархеалогія, якая вызначаецца як аналіз узаемасувязі паміж расліннасцю і археалогіяй. Тры канкрэтныя вобласці фітаархеалогіі могуць атрымаць вялікую карысць ад гіперспектральных малюнкаў:

1) выяўленне канкрэтных відаў раслін, якія звязаны з археалагічнымі помнікамі;

2) Параўнальная фізіялогія раслін або вызначэнне стрэсу ці энергіі раслін; and

3) Стварэнне індэкса зменлівасці расліннасці. xviii

Падарожнікі, якія ідуць за Корпусам Адкрыцця, шукаюць вопыту. Фрэсанк і Спенс у Льюіса і Кларка, Спадчыны, Успаміны і Новая перспектыва гэта выдатна выказваюць. “Яны не прыязджаюць у адзін турыстычны пункт; замест гэтага яны сустракаюць зусім новы ландшафт, які не відаць з бруёў або чатырохпалосных дарог … Услед за капітанамі” – асабістае падарожжа адкрыццяў, турыстычная адысея, якая злучае ландшафт. і гісторыя, апісаная ў часопісах Льюіса і Кларка “. xix

Цяпер праз шмат гадоў след зноў ацэньваюць прыгажосць і дзіва, якія ў ім убачылі Льюіс і Кларк. Як спадзяваўся Кен Карсміскі ў сваім артыкуле 1995 года для “Мы працягваліся”, археалагічныя даследаванні адыгралі важную ролю ў захаванні слядоў шляхам вызначэння кемпінгаў і прадастаўлення навуковых доказаў іх матэрыяльнага існавання. Археолагі не толькі прасунулі прафесію гістарычнай археалогіі пры дапамозе найноўшых тэхналогій і NASA, але і дапамаглі Нацыянальнай паркавай службе і шматлікім іншым дзяржаўным і прыватным арганізацыям вярнуць след для наступных пакаленняў следчых даследчыкаў.

I Kris Fresonke and Mark Spence, Lewis and Clark, Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives, (Берклі, Лос-Анджэлес, Лондан: University of California Press, 2004) 247.

ii Люіс і Кларк, агляд гістарычных месцаў і будынкаў, служба нацыянальнага парку http://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/lewisandclark/site.htm

iii Мантанская археалогія: праект публічнай кнігі па археалогіі Мантаны, Льюіса, Кларка і археалогіі, 7 лютага 2009 г. (Крыніца: Лекцыі доктара Ды Тэйлара; т. 3, археалогія № 2 у Мантане ” Кароткая гісторыя археалогіі Мантаны, “)

iv Тамсама.

v Kathleen A. Dah, “Археалогія падарожнікаў”, “Trail Watch”, “Акадэмічны вэб-часопіс”, які вывучае інтэрпрэтацыю экспедыцыі Люіса і Кларка і двухгадовы юбілей у музеі, гістарычныя месцы, інтэрпрэтацыйныя цэнтры і папулярныя сродкі масавай інфармацыі.

vi Шэры Дэўлін, “Даследчыкі дакладна вызначылі месца падарожнікаў для адпачынку – Кемпінг Льюіса і Кларка быў няправільна адлюстраваны гады таму”, Місульян, студзень26, 2004.

vii Джэсіка Э. Сарачэні, “Пошук Льюіса і Кларка”, Археалогія 51, вып. 1, (студзень / люты 1998 г.)

старонка 7

viii Кеннет У. Карсмізкі, “Пошук нябачнага: некаторыя намаганні, каб знайсці экспедыцыйныя лагеры”, мы працягваліся 21, вып. 4 (лістапад 1995 г.): 4-12.

ix Brett French: “Доказы сцвярджаюць, што на востраве Йеллоустоун Кларк быў лагер Kanoe 1806,” Billings Gazette, 27 красавіка 2014 года. Першая фізічная сувязь у штаце Айдаха з Люісам і Кларкам у пекле “Каньён”, “Заданне KTVB.com, 6 мая 2008 года.

Сі Кеннет У. Карсмізкі, “Форт Льюіса і Кларка Рок”, лакалітэт (частка 3 ад 3) ліпеня 2010 года.

xii “Спадарожнік Насы будзе шукаць Льюіса і Кларка,” USA Today Здароўе і навука, 20.09.2001

xiii “Доктар Уілсан атрымлівае прэмію Котэра за 2011 год”, Нацыянальны гістарычны сайт Форта Ванкувера, 4 красавіка 2011 г., http://www.nps.gov/fova/learn/news/cotteraward2011.htm

xiv “Інсайдэр: пажар на шчасце”, археалогія 59, вып. 1, (студзень / люты 2006 г.)

xv Кеннет У. Карсмізкі, Джо Елка, Марка Джардзіна, “Археалагічнае дыстанцыйнае зандзіраванне: пошук Форта-Кэтсапа з космасу” 30 ліпеня 2002 г., сервер тэхнічных справаздач Nasa.

xvi Леанард Дэвід, “Lewis & Clark Revisited: Archaeology Satellite Arheology Expands The минулага”, GeoCommunity, Jan 2002,

xvii Алекс Філіп, «Партнёр GCS і лічбавы глобус па праекце геасістэмы Льюіса і Кларка», часопіс «Напрамкі», 23 красавіка 2003 г.

xviii Марка Дж. Джардзіна, “Гісторыя ўкладаў дыстанцыйнага зандзіравання НАСА ў археалогію”, Часопіс археалагічнай навукі, 38 (2011) 2003-2009.

xix Fresonke і, Spence, 240.

Магчымыя здымкі, якія могуць быць уключаны ў розныя пункты артыкула.

Landsat 5 і чорна-белыя гістарычныя аэрафотаздымкі са сцежкай Льюіса і Кларка. Сумесь малюнкаў паказвае змены ў рацэ Місуры каля нацыянальнага прытулку для дзікай прыроды Дэсота на поўнач ад Амахі. КРЕДИТ ІМІДЖ: Даследаванні GCS

Адна з самых ранніх існуючых фотаздымкаў Вясёлкавага вадаспаду, якая займала другое месца па вышыні, толькі Вялікі вадаспад з пяці серый у гэтай частцы ракі. Такое меркаванне адлюстроўвае некрануты аспект краіны, бо ён, напэўна, з'явіўся ў 1805-6 гг. (Гістарычнае таварыства Мантаны.)

Гэтая выява Вясёлкавага вадаспаду, зробленая ў 1944 годзе, рэзка кантрастуе з вышэйзгаданай. Недалёка ад патоку знаходзіцца плаціна Мантанскай электрастанцыі. У летнія і засушлівыя месяцы года значна менш вады паступае над падзеннямі, чым паказана тут, і вялікія ўчасткі каменнага выступу падзення агаляюцца і пазбаўляюцца прыгажосці белай, падаючай вады. (Мантанская энергетычная кампанія (1944).)

Калі Райан Дам вылучае мала вады, на заднім плане Вялікі вадаспад сціхае. (Служба нацыянальнага парку (Appleman, 1964 г.))

Льюіс і Кларк, агляд гістарычных помнікаў і будынкаў, служба нацыянальнага парку

My discovery of yoga

At that time, I discovered yoga, I participated in a group aerobics. I was also the proud owner of a very successful video store, and I had just closed up shop souvenir souvenirs. My daughter, who was then 18 months old, went with me everywhere, even on the job. training lesson was her first experience of day care, and he was not very good. I had to find something else in the way of movement and somehow I ended up in the yoga class at a local studio. I knew practically nothing about the practice, so that it would be a new experience for me. Not only that, I knew that this new experience forever changed the way I saw my life.

The first yoga class, in which I participated, I remember how uncomfortable and out of place. I remember asking myself: "Why is it so difficult?" I also remember feeling completely after that. When I looked around the room at the other yogis when they enjoyed posing with peaceful faces, I remember that I wanted to find just that. I returned to school at a rate two to three times a week. I learned meditation techniques, I learned pranayama (breathing techniques), I have learned the sun greeting, I learned to take a posture in real estate, and more likely in the first year. I learned how to relax. Constantly on the move, and thinking that I always need to do, I was interested in the idea of ​​rest and know that everything is in order. I think in the beginning, if you asked me to define yoga, my answer would probably be that it is quite a physical problem and a little taxing on my mind. I found a place in my body that I never knew existed in the first year. I found a breath that I never knew I could also take a breath. I was interested to find more space in my body and watch what is going on in my head, so I continued the practice. I started to branch after the first course and conduct classes in the different teachers. Style seemed to be endless. Each teacher had something to offer. I was hooked forever.

In the next few years of my yoga practice, I have found peace and tranquility. Things that are now looked more beautiful, and the things that were hard, and suddenly were not so rigid. I experienced a remission of how crowded the mind, and material things. I just do not need so many "things," and I began to feel much lighter person. I started to listen instead of talking so much, if in conversation. I was less worried, I stood up and I smile more. For me, yoga – all the things that you already have, but you just did not come to them. I believe that if you asked me to define yoga, at this time it would be something like: the calm after the storm, clarity of mind, spacious thigh, better posture and soft eyes. I know that a visit to a yoga can unlock many doors. I also know that after the doors are unlocked, the choice is made – to return or not to return to class. I kept coming back for more.

When my first teacher asked me to help her start in the class, I thought that she had lost her mind. Why is she asking me to do this? How could I walk around the room and help someone as it helped me? I & # 39; m does not extrovert. I found that some teachers of yoga have a theatrical history and the quality of their relationship. I am a calm person. I am in any case could not be in front of people and talk, let alone carry them through the class. Staying in the exhibition have never been high on my to-do list. I was happy, moving through life quite quickly. In fact, she said that I needed to do it, especially if I'm afraid, like writing this little chapter. I started with the help of position during rest, making sure that the students have what they need in the way of props and more. I helped with the fine adjustment while in savasane, touching the shoulder or the adjustment of the head and neck. I was incredibly comfortable doing it, but, of course, the light is quenched, and the students were resting. If you were at that time asked me in determining yoga, it would be something like that, helping others to feel better by giving, not taking, breathing really deeply, sighing with happiness. I loved what I did. I liked the idea to do this forever. I like to think that if I can not do it all, it did not matter, because today it was enough. I found the patience and gratitude for the moment.

I began to spend more time away from their business to stay in the study of yoga. I paid manager in your store, much more than I paid. It did not matter. I was in love with what I did, and that to me meant something. A few weeks later I said yes, every padadachamu. Sometimes I submitted more than some of my friends who teach full time. After 12 years, the business owner, I have decided to close up shop. In the shops the shops were severely affected independent firms, and our area was crawling with them. The decision was not difficult. I remember after the closing walked through the empty store, I breathed deeply and felt very thankful that I will no longer spend time with the entertainment industry on a daily basis. I think if you were at this time in my life asked me the definition of yoga, it would, of course, was being able to let go with ease, nothing with & # 39 is constant, that everything can and will change, and it will be oK. My business vacation was not as difficult as I expected. I feel that the practice of yoga can ease any transition in your life, and my practice I have seen a few.

I continued to listen, and as a result received a class of its own. I taught at the YMCA, I was teaching in the studio, went to work and in higher education. I'm still practicing with students and teachers. I worked at home, outdoors, and when on vacation. I dive into a book and DVD. I traveled when I was able to attend master classes with teachers, of whom I have heard, and even the ones that I did not. I finished a few sustainable employment, and students continued to come back. At this time in my life, if you had asked me in the definition of yoga, it would be more like what we all enter into the picture, something much greater than ourselves. The fact that the practice brings together the world and people in a positive way and that to step on the mat is not always easy. There are a lot of beauty on the mat. There's also a lot of ugliness. I believe that on the rug, we find their truth, good, bad, beautiful or ugly.

Today, I am a few lessons in several different locations. I still spend master classes and classes in other yoga teachers, if I can, and I'm still zduvsya. I am still a student, first of all. I like the idea that you can always learn something new and that my body will be constantly changing, and therefore my practice. I, too, had never participated in a yoga class, I did not like. Each class was a learning experience personal growth, physical limits and mental clarity. I am so grateful to every teacher that I ever spent with him the amount of time. It does not matter if you're a new teacher, an experienced teacher or a star of yoga. It does not matter if I spent a lot of money for a journey to take your class, if you were local, or you made me angry. It does not matter if I have prepared a little test because I could bring you back to yourself. You were strange, all of you. And you know who you are.

Yoga for me is in everything. It & ebb and flow. It is a journey each day, and awareness of the moment. This warm sunlight in the winter and cool in the summer rain. This is your family & # 39; I, your friends and your pets. Yoga hard and soft. It's laughter and joy as well as sorrow and pain. A conscious exercise with higher order. Achieving high and low bending. It is a land under your feet, the sky and the stars above us. This is the best medicine that you swallow. It smiles on children's faces. It's a cup of tea and a good book. It is a garden that you have in your yard. Stay there for someone at the right time. It is to know how to step back and take time out for themselves. It's a sunny day on your deck – the sun. Meditation, wrapped in a blanket during the ice storm, when power faded. This is the best piece of chocolate you've ever tasted. This is the best regulation in the dog's side facing down. These are people who are in the room for yoga, and those who had not yet arrived. Yoga – this is the moment right here.

Professional gamers have become rich and famous, playing video games

If you think your kids spend too much time on video games on their PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii, Xbox 360, PC or PSP (Playstation Portable), then you may have cause, but do not worry. Before you tell your child to put the game remote and pick up a textbook, it is necessary to take into account this fact; We have a professional video game circuit with professional gamers who earn thousands, even millions of dollars.

South Korea has a genuine passion for playing video games. This video game obsessed nation. Events of electronic games in this country can draw up to 100,000 spectators at one event. Their cyber-athletes make hundreds of thousands of dollars playing in tournaments that translyayutstsa across the country. Some of them are so popular that they can not get out to the public without security agencies to protect them from the delight of fans. They even found movie stars and become the face on the covers of newspapers and magazines.

Recently the stadium Zhamsil indoor tournament held electronic games in Seoul, South Korea. This event was the equivalent of our Superbowl. Playing for the event was the "StarCraft", a web-based game that is played on a PC. This event was carried out on national television and broadcast on the Internet. Viewers 1.78 million viewers, who viewed it on television and the Internet, were glued to the places, watching the unfolding events of the day. They came to see, as the most popular gamer in their country struts his stuff.

It is called Lim Yo-hwan, he is 27 years old and he – Mick Jagger of e-sports in South Korea. This young man has made a name for himself playing "StarCraft", the only game that matters in the circuit of video games in this country. His fans wanted him to be treated on the show, and he was winning easily the competition will receive a prize home in the amount of 20 000 dollars. Lim Yo Hwan has won many similar events in recent years, and it has put its profit in the six-year category. Nice to play video games.

The US also has a cyber athletes Superstar, which is very good money on electronic gaming schemes. The brightest star in this country & # 39 is a 26-year-old man named Jonathan Wendel, otherwise known to his supporters as the Fatal1ty (his name on the screen). He lives in Kansas City, Missouri, but his reputation lives all over the world.

Zhonnatan became a professional gamer at the age of 19 years, and over the last seven years, he has won 41 major tournament for video games on the electronic sports. He has won more competitions electronic games than anyone else in America. Zhonnatan also very financially trying to win more than 450 thousand dollars in prize money.

Zhonnatan Wendel has traveled the world playing tournaments in video games. To date, he has played on every continent except Antarctica. These tournaments were held in a very interesting, unique and famous locations, including the Great Wall and the Moscow Red Square, so the idea of ​​spending a day in Antarctica may not be so far-fetched.

Wherever there is Jonathan, his pile of fans who just love the way he plays video games. All his expenses are paid when he travels and lives like a rock star. At the world championships in five different video games Jonathan most in his sport is considered the best in the world. No other gamer does not even come close to the harmonization of its achievements.

In November 2006, Jonathan Wendel defeated his biggest nemedyyu and won the world championship in his fifth video ( "PainKiller"), and at the same time took home a prize check for $ 150 000. He defeated the reigning world champion in this game, 20-year-old man from the Netherlands, which takes place on Vo0 screen.

Zhonnatan every day becomes more and more popular, as it continues to shine as a superstar in the world of professional gamers. He is forced to reckon with in the professional league kiberatletav. He recently launched a line of products "Fatal1ty", which include such tabs as mouse pads, headsets and keyboards that are made specifically for playing video games. With him running a marketing guru named Mark Uolden and both expect to make millions of dollars selling these products to gamers around the world.

It is planned that this year, the video game industry is $ 30 billion. In the video games and consoles for products like Nintendo Wii, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and PSP. This is a huge amount of money, which is more than twice a year in conjunction NBA, NFL and Major League Baseball. With so much money involved and hundreds of millions of people who play video games in the world, and the sport of professional video game begins to attract major advertising sponsors and merchandayzingavyh companies.

Professional video game is not just children who spend their time spending endless hours playing video games. Many of them managed to turn a hobby into a profitable car & # 39; career. These days gamers who travel the world (all expenses paid) and live like a rock star, do the hundreds of thousands and even millions of dollars.

So next time you think your child spends too much time playing Nintendo Wii games, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PC or PSP, you should not worry too much. If they show a higher average interest in the sport of electronic games, try not to stop them from playing video games. Important for you to realize that they can not just play games when they sit down in front of a TV or computer, they can also train to become a world famous millionaire cyber athletes.

Why wedding photographers are so expensive?

The ceremony and reception space booked. Do you have an idea of ​​the style of dress that you want, the colors, and who will be your maid of honor and best man. Excitement is growing! Next – Photo. You know you want to get some great pictures of your big day. But a quick look at wedding photographers and their prices can become an exercise in the intersection of a shock. Photography, no doubt, my dear. But why? They're just photos for Pete's sake!

Here are eight reasons why good wedding photographers are expensive:

  1. they qualified

    If we consider the photographers and their fees, it helps to remember that you do not pay for your photos directly on your wedding day. You pay for ten, 15 or 20 years of commitment needed to create beautiful images for a few hours, if they are to take pictures for the wedding day.

    Platsivshy more than you might expect for a qualified, experienced photographer, you give yourself an extra assurance that you will enjoy your wedding memories for years to come.

    Like most professions, to become a permanent quality professional photographer, takes years of hard work. Many photographers attended college for photography, cut his teeth working for years as an assistant or as a photographer from the newspaper. They also spent countless surf the internet forums, talking about the latest and innovative ways to improve their work. They always keep in touch and read countless books, to be aware of. They filmed many millions of photos with multiple scenes.

    Your wedding should be no longer a slogan on a steep learning curve for your photographer. Your photo wedding and overall experience will eventually suffer.

  2. Important one-time events require suras & # 39; oznay responsibility

    This is a once in a lifetime event, which is a & # 39 is the culmination of months or years. No chance of a permutation has no chance, but so many important people in your life who come from so many distant places to be together with you and your future husband on this day.

    What happens if your photographer will throw the camera? What happens when one of their cameras damaged disks? What happens if your photographer will break an ankle two days before the wedding?

    At every wedding is really a professional wedding photographer must be willing to risk, which may cover an accident. This means maintaining multiple disks in hand, software for image restoration software, multiple cameras are good quality and a list of contacts that you can fill in for them if they can not be removed. Emergencies are many. This willingness can be costly and time-consuming to maintain, and hence high charges for customers.

  3. Seasonal work

    Photographers may only reasonably be expected of one wedding a week. They almost always occur on Saturday. In many markets, including the market that caters to my business here in Kansas City, the winter months are not a popular time for weddings. Weather & # 39; e can be very unpleasant and make the trip just dangerous. Thus, the photographers outside the solar belts can be expected that they will be occupied only seven or eight months of the year.

    The photographer has a very solid year, when they have 20 to 25 weddings. In order to provide you and future customers with excellent service, photographers need to protect their profitability during the year of the 20-25 weddings.

  4. The only wedding is a major commitment

    Your wedding – it's more than a commitment to your photographer to work on the wedding day. They will invest many hours in planning, editing, processing, presentation, and delivery of photos, not to mention albums and other photographic products, which are included in their packages cited. Your wedding is easy to require 80 hours of the time your photographer, if not more.

  5. expensive tools

    During the wedding photographer would have qualified with a $ 10 000 and more equipment. The task of digital cameras typically have to be replaced every few years. It's expensive, given that body of professional caliber are worth more than $ 2,500. The photographer should also frequently update computer & # 39; yutery and software. Add to this the burden of normal wear and tear of all the equipment and the costs become eyes.

  6. devotion to you

    As a wedding photographer, I can tell you that much nicer to explain to customers the price once and do not apologize for the quality of their photos forever. Ten years later, looking through their wedding album, you will not worry about how much it costs a photographer, but you will take care of the quality of their work.
    Well almost never cheap and rarely cheap. A good photographer understands this and has built its business with a priority put on the commitment of your photos and experience first and foremost.

  7. Grow business dearly

    Wedding photographer does not get a lot of time from our customers. If we did, it would mean a lot of failed marriages! Transfer of family and friends is not uncommon, but there are only so many friends and loved ones who are going to get married.
    Business relationships in happy customers are important, but rarely enough to fill the Photo Calendar. Photographer, more than other companies, we have to invest more money into marketing plans that represent your business to potential new customers. Many of these promotional efforts are expensive. Location Page 1 Knot photographers site is worth more than $ 5,000 annually. It's not cheap.

  8. integrity

    Imagine that tries to determine the two photographers at a wedding, a photographer played by the rules and do not cut corners to save a few extra dollars, but they have a higher price. Another photographer has a lower price, but the rules and cheating to cut corners, so that they can reduce competition. Which one is more likely to spin, if you need it?

    For some photographers with integrity & # 39 is a saint. They understand that it is not possible without long-term success. Honesty requires them to fulfill promises on time and exceeding expectations. Their internal affairs is also being conducted in good faith. They pay a fair share of income tax as you, and carry adequate liability insurance. Integrity requires them to collect taxes from the sale of their time and pay the state government. Such ethical practices are not always easy to maintain and often require us to list some of these costs to customers.

    Unfortunately, some kind of integrity is perceived as an inconvenience or an obstacle. While these questions do not seem relevant to your decision with photographers, people or business that performs all of its obligations, it is much more appreciated performance of its obligations to you.

    Expensive photographer does not guarantee the integrity, but it does much more likely.

Wedding photography is expensive. No one can disagree. There are many reasons that the photographer charged a rate such as to ensure their survival in the long run. While you are considering on their choices and opportunities, do not lose sight of how important are your memories from that day. They do not trust anyone. Photographers can cost more than you expected, but ask yourself this question: It is better to pay more than you expected, or less than you need?

Transport services X & # 39 airport; Euston – large and effective

X & # 39; Euston, Texas, with a & # 39; is the largest city in the US with amazing means of transport infrastructure. It has one of the busiest airport system in the world. Intercontinental George Bush Airport X & # 39; Euston and MAG ranks sixth among shmatzalezhnyh on & # 39 facilities worldwide. It boasts advanced and broad infrastructure that can handle tons of cargo annually. in the X & # 39 Airport transportation services; Euston include a huge infrastructure, which connects the airport complex with broad sections of interstate highways, railways and roads. All of these systems with the latest technology have made X & # 39; Euston one of the main business centers and one of the busiest international gateway in freight, logistics and freight transport.

The X & # 39; Euston, Texas, has a corporate limousine services. These services meet the infrastructure mega airport, a snack bar and excellent customer service. Corporate taxi service in the X & # 39 airport; Euston operated by the driver, offering all the luxury and comfort that is looking for the corporation. Business travelers provided a very convenient and the last vehicle on arrival in the city.

Intercontinental George Bush Airport X & # 39; Euston – the largest X & # 39 airport; Euston, Texas, USA. Airport won the award three times, Air Cargo Excellence for high efficient and modern cargo and cargo control system. Freight very modern and equipped with the latest technology and uses the latest procedures. Freight is so effective that US customs officers can clear the goods before they touch the ground.

The brightest possibility distribution center for cargo air transportation to & # 39 is its ability to control food and other perishable items. The coincidence of these tools – it's document management and processing system in a very automated and coordinated process. In one of the busiest airports in the world there are huge tankers and wagons, which are constantly carrying tons of industrial goods and other products. There are four major rail systems providing logistical needs. This Union Pacific Union Pacific, Missouri, South Pacific Ocean, Berlingtan and Santa Fe. Road transport occupy the major share in the total of & # 39; the volume of goods transported annually.

There are thousands of trucking companies that support the X & # 39; Euston in motion. All this became possible thanks to the extremely well-planned and a huge airport complex with easy and constant stream of organized and systematic movement. Problem-free connection to interstate highways for the US and Canada, making X & # 39; Euston and its surroundings bustling shopping center. A huge fleet of trucks and other vehicles to transport large goods and products across large swathes of roads and with a high degree of control and coordination, so there is no congestion, and business traffic goes smoothly.

Borat – Eastern satire for a nice discussion of the Western intelligentsia

"Dzienkuje" Sacha Baron Cohen!

We expected Gadot, but you feel that we really need, and instead sent us Borat! And Borat – it is nothing like a moving feast and the gift that keeps on giving. You managed to simultaneously offend Kazakhs frighten Jewish groups against slander, anger manitorystav Orientalism, deprive hypocritical American hypocrisy, cause laughter in generations Beavis and Battyda, Savparka and Archie Bunker, and last – but certainly not least – to provide the Western intelligentsia glorious opportunity for criticism and discussion, in fact, the meaning and interpretation of tselyuloidnaga masterpiece. Finally, thanks to you, we can now confirm that the rumors of the death of Yakov Smirnov have been greatly exaggerated. It turns out that he's all right and works well, finding a job in a big American city called Branson, Missouri ( "Watch … beautiful auditorium, car & # 39; EPA and the pockets are filled with smaller … but what a country!". .. oK, bad example)! Salam dams emissions made, and Haya-fiyva to you Saha!

Talk about the film, which led to the fact that theater-goers bombarded – even before they checked the movie times – conflicting signals and instructions cultural elites, mods and their peers:

1) Go to a movie. Laugh, have fun!

2) If you go to the movies, do not smyaytsesya!

3) Go to a movie, smyaysya, but later count outrage!

4) Do not go to the movies – in part, because you can laugh!

5) If you still go with you that something is wrong.

6) If you do not go, then you are not wrong.

Borat !: Cultural Learnings of America for the benefit of learning the glorious nation of Kazakhstan can not but leave the impression that we may have become excessively to create a culture of scenarios.

This article attempts to resolve certain questions and big clue related to the nature and Borat Borat! film (hereinafter Borat!). This is done by touching some of the widespread criticism of the film, optics and Internet postings that gave rise to the film. Acceptance and rejection of the differences of the film seems to be in order before you start, I went … I laughed … I cried … (but because I laughed, not because it went).

To mock the Kazakh people! … NOT !!!

Let's start with the question, which in recent months has absorbed so many clicks. In part, we can do it, because the intention of Sacha Baron Cohen (ie production / supply) is much simpler than the question of how the film is interpreted and used by the audience (ie, consumption / demand).

Shortly after the US release of Borat! Interview & # 39; nd with Sacha Baron Cohen from the & # 39 appeared in the edition of Rolling Stone November 14, 2006. It is clear that many people do not know about the interview & # 39; u, do not read it and do not want to, because the Internet inflames debate about who satyryzue Baron Cohen in the film. While there may be, there will be many interpretations of who is injured as a result of Borat! (More on this below), comments in an interview with Baron Cohen & # 39; yuera Neil Strauss really relieve a lot of assumptions about what Baron Cohen film implies. Baron Cohen, perhaps later realized that her mother about his intentions with Borat there is a real value and strength, perhaps, when you consider that, according to Strauss, Baron Cohen was nadakuchany meeting, which he in a week called Strauss interview & # 39; w to discuss it.

That's what Baron Cohen said that it is necessary – although perhaps not – once and for all silence the speculation about his motivation in creating Borat. Baron Cohen reacted to the news that the government of Kazakhstan thinks submit it to the court and to place advertising on the whole page, which promotes the country in The New York Times (they eventually did recently):

I was surprised, as I have always believed in the audience that they understand that this is a fictitious country and the simple goal was to allow people to open their prejudices. And that's why we chose Kazakhstan because it was a country, which has not been heard, so we could essentially play on stereotypes they might have about the former Soviet bay. The joke is not about Kazakhstan. I think the joke is on people who can believe that the Kazakhstan that I describe can exist – who believe that there is a country where homosexuals wear blue hats and the women live in cages and n & # 39; are souring horse urine and the age of consent was raised to nine years.

Therefore, you may end up a big part of the discussion about Cohen's intentions. We are talking about an interview with & # 39; nd people Borat – in the film, the Americans – not on Kazakhstan and Kazakhs. The film is intended for Americans.

Of course, it was something that took away from the film left the London weekly weekly Ryan Gilbey, staff Nyussmen. The articles presented as "Sacha Baron Cohen's autopsy because of the beauty of the US" and "Cossack ace reporter, reveals uncomfortable truths about the United States", summed up the film as follows:

The violence with which Borat encounters in the New York subway, trying to welcome strange men kiss, a real scary …. There karupok aging, which only the smallest clue to approve the murder of gays and Muslims. Others give an accusation that they do not say and do. A crowd of "Rode Cattle" does not indicate any concerns about how to encourage conversation Bora of Iraq, obviously not knowing what he actually said: "We support your terornuyu war!" And it is shocking to witness the tacit acceptance with which Borat encountered heroic requests. Trying to find the ideal machine for cutting or Roma look for the best gun to kill Jews, he encounters only with the respect of the American merchants. Buyer seems always right, even if he is right.

An article in the April 2003 Lucy Kelaart in the British daily The Guardian magazine believes that some Kazakhs – at least those who are exposed to the west – about Borat got it back then (on the basis of visits to British TV show in the United States). Most of the interview subjects & # 39; nd Kelaara on the streets of Almaty were pleasant, but not really hurt, and thought Borat just silly:

25-year-old Aynur spent a year living in the USA. whether it considers that Kazakhstan Borat gives a bad name. "Borat NOT making fun of Kazakhs, he jokes over the Americans," – she said. "They are trusting not one of them said." No way – this can not be true, "Shaw describes the American stereotype, rather than Kazakh He bares the US attitude to foreigners: strong accents, loud voices, stupidity, male chauvinism.." .

Of course, as I have said before, and we will see that the intention of Baron Cohen were universal and finished – all the critics of this article would be much shorter than it is. Especially in the era of postmodern critique audience any real or potential padtelefanatsyya occupy center stage.

"Full" Sacha Baron Cohen: Borat Beyond

Not to the Americans, who see Borat! in etnatsentrychnamu think that the main goal in Baron Cohen in his work – it is instructive to look at the "full" Sasha Baron Cohen, or the last time a wide range of characters he has played on television and in the movies.

In the second role of Baron Cohen in Hollywood films in 2006, he played the foil Will Ferrero and the antagonist in the movie "Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby." Baron Cohen's character, Jean Zhyrar – French driver "Formula Un" which takes NASCAR circuit by storm. It is a kind of embodiment of the "free-free", "Red (neck) state", the American stereotype of the French – snobbery, efete, espresso-sipping, listening to opera, reading L & # 39; Etranger (adding insult to injury all the time, when he ! ride), which is sponsoring homosexuality Per & # 39; er (his longtime partner, playing a one-off north of Kanan About & # 39; Braen Andy Richter).

It is difficult to consider it as a role, in which Baron Cohen somehow exploiting the American audience, except that playing the stereotype, intended to be the most insulting, it in some ways inferior to the audience and her intelligence. Rather, it is the role of Jean Zhyrara looks benevolently English (a la Benny Hill), and in this sense, sheds light on Borat, when we learn from the interview & # 39; nd Rolling Stone, that Baron Cohen grew idalizuyuchy Peter Sellers and loved the notorious French stereotype sellers Inspector Jacques Clouseau:

Future Baron Cohen was set when he was about eight years thanks to two significant events. The first was to see one of the movies "Pinsk sellers" Pink Panther in the tenth birthday of a friend – who caused the admiration of the work of British actor British actor throughout life. The second was when his older brothers dragged him to the theater to see the life of Brian armor.

Of course, the most famous hero Baron Cohen – and one whose success was probably responsible for the fact that Borat got a chance in the long term – it is a fake "gangsta" rapper Ali G .. Indeed, it is instructive to note that the first full-Ali feature film Mr. Ali G. Indahaus instead epic search of Pamela Anderson, G. Ali goes in search of supermodel Naomi Campbell. Much of the criticism "Ali G." Actually it sounds very good when we see accusations of insensitivity Baron Cohen to Kazakhs. In the UK, Ali G. commented on comments like Felix Dexter, a comedian in the British television series. Replace "Kazakhs" to "black street culture", and could get response, similar to what we see in the wake of Borat! "" But a lot of humor laughs at the black street culture, and it is celebrated as it allows the liberal middle classes to laugh at in the context of this culture, if they can keep their sense of political correctness. "

Kazakhs Say it! … However, why Kazakhstan?

Great-grandfather, and he became the prototype of Borat character Moldovan TV journalist named Alex Krykler, which Cohen played in the mid-1990s on British television. According to Cohen, the character was based on the doctor, whom he had met on a free beach holiday in Astrakhan in southern Russia: "… there was a guy who was a doctor, and when I met him, I began to laugh … he had elements of Borat, but he was not a racist nor mizaginii or anti-Semitism. in fact, he was a Jew. "

This is significant, as personal characteristics are separated from those which he attributes to his art, what some may complain about it are stereatypizatsyi.

Just as Alex Krykler, Baron Cohen gave what Strauss calls "tiny Epiphany, which eventually may push car & # 39; career Baron Cohen's":

For example, interviewing someone from the rugby team British Lions, he walked back and forth with the respondent within ten minutes, it would seem, not realizing that they have no real lions who play rugby. "I was struck by the patience of some members of the upper class, who were so eager to look politely – especially at the camera – they never go", – says Baron Cohen.

Of course, there was a difference, which probably made its way into the years … at least in Bora !: Initially Baron Cohen is strongly focused on the really powerful, whether celebrities or people with money and power, but in Bora! he apparently began to slide in the direction of "pressing" more than ordinary citizens. Perhaps it was here that he "passed the line".

Greetings from "Mail (card) -Kommistan"

Borat Borat! Today, still had a few transfers from Alexi Kryklera to Borat Sagdieva. After Alexi Krykler Albanian television reporter came by the name of Christ. Only after the "Barat" Baron Cohen's Kazakh became first as Borat Karabzhanav, then as Borat Dutbaev, and finally in 2003 as Borat Sagdiyev. It is perhaps important to what he says, that while Saha Baron Cohen and Kazakhstan have become inextricably intertwined, "kazahskasts" Borat was almost accidental. There is inevitably reminded wrong number, which is sometimes convenient to read in a retrospective analysis: Bram Stoker's Dracula today is inextricably linked with Romania, but Dracula, probably started in the imagination of Stoker as "Count Vampire" from Styria (Austria) and only later (as Borat) migrated east to Transylvania.

But in Moldova, Albania and Kazakhstan, there is a clear common theme – they are all from the & # 39 are part of the post-communist world of the former Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. And here it should be recalled own comments Baron Cohen, mentioned earlier: "And the reason that we chose Kazakhstan, was that it was a country, which has not been heard, so we could essentially play on stereotypes, they can to have this former Soviet Gulf. " . "In other words, the common position (card) -Commiestan kind.

Baron Cohen has not commented specifically why Krykler had to leave Moldova and change the name of the journalist and why it is always a post-communist world, but we can speculate. Thus, little has changed since Bram Stoker: the need to find the installation, both exotic and familiar at the same time, which will serve as a support, but does not detract from the main purpose of the art form. Wonders to what extent the migration of Borat from Moldova to Albania to Kazakhstan was dictated directly or indirectly by events in the real world – Albania, of course, lose some "unknown" character, which is a & # 39 is the key to this plot device, because more serious & # 39; oznaga news coverage about Kosovo in the late 1990s (perhaps evidence of the film "Wag the dog"). Distance, of course, makes it easier to parody (witness the infamous amazing songs Al Yankovic and video parody "Amish paradise" – talk about no rights community, which can hardly feel the pain!), But only up to a point: Go, young man to the east! … But not too far to the east, because you become unrecognizable, and your audience can not be contacted, and the power of satire is lost!

Malwana, Ramanoviya Kreplakistan and … Oh, my!

This remains without an answer to the key question: why Baron Cohen wanted to be a reporter poked fun of real places … but invented described? If, as suggested by Baron Cohen, Borat is not from the real Kazakhstan, as a fictional Kazakh so absurd that "the joke is on people who can believe that the Kazakhstan that I describe can exist", why to opt into the present name of the country from ? Reflecting the department, the restoration of independence and mikradyarzhavnyya with & # 39; waking the region itself in the post-communist era, in recent years there was an explosion, "really imaginary communities" in the form of fictional countries in the post-communist region.

According to John Tsirni as amended by New York Times, "I want to Cohen invented a country like Mulvaney" rather than Borat comes from Kazakhstan. Malwana, of course, well known fictional land from a trip to visit Jetlag (Molvania: The Land Netakted Modern Dentistry), described as "somewhere in the north of Bulgaria and down from Chernobyl." (In spite of the fictitious name of the country, due to the location and characteristics of its three Australian authors argue that he was not a model for Moldova, and even Romania, but was inspired to travel to Portugal.) Among other things, Mulvaney is Europe's oldest nuclear reactor and as said one of its authors: "This is a very beautiful country at a time when the radiation level dropped to acceptable standards."

Dangerous nuclear power stations, environmental degradation and genetic mutation and with & # 39 are punctual line in comedy Ben Styller 2004 "Dozhbol" in which we are introduced from the front with Stalinofskivichdavidovich Ramanovii: "In her homeland Ramanoviya dozhbol – the national sport and its nuclear energy "factory team won the championship for five consecutive years, making it the mortal woman on the ground with the elimination of".

Then there is the establishment of Kreplakistana Mike Myers in "Austin Powers": Kreplakistan – a former Soviet republic, apparently unable to protect their nuclear warheads and is in a state of perpetual chaos (as CNN mockery of the people working at the mess you give us ). . In Wikipedia, there are suggestions that Kreplakistan "probably based on a real Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, the Republic of Karakalpakstan is now." However, more convincing to the & # 39 is the idea that "kreplak" inspired "Kreplach, Eastern European Jewish dish consisting of meat stuffing."

But it comes up with the country or addressing the negative stereatypizatsyi and prejudices? If there is any evidence on the Internet: probably not. Mulvaney has been sharply criticized by those who see it as another change themes (neo-) oriental character. In particular, there is a vicious denunciations of photographs, which authors use in the book and on the website of Moldova – they play the role of a fictional, mocking malvanav, they are really genuine people. Mulvaney Criticism also was not directed only monitor Orientalism. In comments similar to Kazakh officials, comes to Borat, in 2004, former Minister for European Affairs Keith Vaz has criticized the book because "it reflects some of the prejudices that take root (in Europe) … It is sad that some people really can be trusted that this country exists. " Як ні дзіўна, выбар выдуманай «усёй краіны» на самай справе можна трактаваць як яшчэ больш абразлівы, бо ён трактуе людзей цэлага рэгіёну ці групы як па сутнасці недыферэнцыяванага «іх» – «я не магу іх сказаць усе яны падобныя … "

Борат, клас і гарадское жыццё

Паралель, праведзеная Джонам Тырні паміж Боратам! і Мальванія, напэўна, натуральная, і таму такая, якую многія, асабліва ў Інтэрнэце, зрабілі. У прыватнасці, пачалі з'яўляцца сюжэты пра тое, як у фільме здымалася здзекаванае Боратам "казахскае" роднае вёска ў беднай рускай (цыганскай) вёсцы ў Румыніі – дзе жыхары вёскі атрымлівалі ў якасці аплаты за працу пір "свінні" і у той час як Саха Барон Коэн, як паведамляецца, начаваў у хуткім горным адступленні Сіная – пытанне аб класе ўвайшло ў дыскусію пра Бората. Цяжка не зрабіць выснову, што праблема класа можа стаць смешнай у фільме менавіта таму, што яна адлюстравана "бяспечным культурным асяроддзем". Гэта значыць: беднасць становіцца ўвогуле смешнай, калі яе адлюстроўваюць параўнальна невядома ці культурна неабаронена … няхай гэта будзе казах ці "трэйлер смецця" ў "чырвонай (шыйнай) дзяржаве" Амерыка.

Польскі аўтар блога "Beatroot" захапіў гэта добра ў допісе па пуцёўцы па Малване пад назвай: "Чаму толькі" лібералы "лічаць, што ў гэты час нармальна смяяцца – гэта белы рабочы клас і цэнтральна-ўсходнія еўрапейцы ? "

"Белы смецце" Еўропы

… На Захадзе адбываецца нешта крыху дзіўнае. Калі б такія кнігі пісалі пра, скажам, людзей Афрыкі, то, цалкам правільна, былі б узрушэнні і абурэнні. Такія словы, як "расізм", выкарыстоўваліся б ліберальна-ліберальнымі рэцэнзэнтамі. Але падобна, што палітычная карэктнасць распаўсюджваецца на ўсе групы ў нашы дні, акрамя дрэнных белых з гарадскіх, сельскіх ці паўзяльскіх раёнаў у Амерыцы і Еўропе.

Сапраўды, я б адважыўся на здагадку, што мелі жыхары вёскі Борат! Калі яны былі прадстаўлены як цыганы альбо "цыганы", а не як выдуманыя казахі, магчыма, узнікне большае абурэнне з гэтай нагоды менавіта з-за іерархіі афіцыйна прызнанай дыскрымінацыі, якая пануе ў культурных і палітычных колах на Захадзе. Прадстаўляючы іх як параўнальна невядомых казахаў, гэта дазволіла "лягчэй" свабодна смяяцца. І калі б ангельская друкарня не захаплялася вёскай Глод (што азначае "гразь"!) І паказвала аднавяскоўцам ролікі з фільма, магчыма, гэтыя выдуманыя казахі былі б усе гэтак жа бяспраўнымі, як сваяк Аміша да дзіўнага Аль Янковіча: на думку журналістаў, "ні адзін жыхар вёскі, з якім мы размаўлялі, ніколі не мог дазволіць сабе паездку ў бліжэйшы кінатэатр у 20 мілях"!

Выпаленая на сонца бруд альбо калі ўсё навобмацак: карысць бора

Вядома, што гатовая культурная прадукцыя можа стаць прамежкавым матэрыялам альбо перапрацавана для рэчаў, пра якія іх стваральнікі ніколі не марылі і нават не маглі пагадзіцца. Некалькі гадоў таму я памятаю, як бачыў тэлевізійны рэпартаж у буйным мегаполісе ЗША, дзе агенты па нерухомасці праводзілі расследаванне за выкарыстанне стэнаграфіі "Арчы Бункера" для апісання кліентаў з "дыскрымінацыйнымі густамі", думаючы, што з дапамогай такой мовы яны нейкім чынам засталіся у межах норм аб роўных магчымасцях. Сапраўды гэтак жа амерыканскія войскі ў Іраку апісалі ўключэнне сатырычнай ура-балады "Амерыка, ** да!" ад Team America: Сусветная паліцыя на сваіх місіях. Так было і з Боратам. Гэта, несумненна, скарга габрэйскіх груп супраць паклёпу: што не мае значэння, што барон Коэн з'яўляецца габрэем і імкнецца вылучыць антысемітычныя забабоны, калі ягоная аўдыторыя смяецца, а не антысемітызму Бората.

Лонданскі таблоід "Сонца", добра вядомы сваімі "перажываннямі" з нагоды іміграцыі, і некаторыя паспрачаліся б рашуча ставіцца да расісцкіх і ксенафобскіх настрояў, шукалі вілы, каб зрабіць сена з Бората! у кантэксце надыходзячай іміграцыйнай дыскусіі, звязанай з уступленнем Румыніі і Балгарыі ў Еўрапейскі Саюз 1 студзеня 2007 г. У дакуменце ўзрадавалася цытаванне 46-га Георгія Паску: "Борат – сукін сын, які прымусіў нас выглядаць Як дзікуны. Гэта Трансільванія, дом Дракулы. Калі ён калі-небудзь вернецца, мы ўставім калу ў ягоную спіну і нанёс яму нагу. Праз два тыдні пад загалоўкам з надпісам "Мы выязджаем з Румыніі" з'явілася карціна вяскоўцаў на конях з надпісам "Конь і воз … румыны накіроўваюцца ў наш шлях да лепшага жыцця; павольна". У артыкуле цытуецца жыхар вёскі: "Людзі будуць проста абыходзіць абмежаванні, працуючы на ​​чорным рынку альбо займаючыся самазанятасцю", і заканчваецца чарговым абяцаннем: "Борат павінен сачыць за тым, што ў хуткім часе ў Лондане ён можа сутыкнуцца з некаторымі з нас. "

Амерыканскі стэрэатып … Цяпер ідзем да тэатра побач з табой:

Пачатак Амерыкі няправільна, правы яго няправільныя і правы няправільна

Борат! насычана тым, што можна назваць "гнездавымі ацыдэнтынізмамі" альбо "гнездавымі антыамерыканізмамі": гэта значыць, гэта стварае і грае на замежных і айчынных іерархіях амерыканцаў, добра, дрэнна і непрыгожа. Крыс Джонс трапляе ў фільм па шляху дасціпнасці і вычварнасці маршруту Барона Коэна:

… Борат пачынае свой амерыканскі паход у Нью-Ёрк, зямлю халоднага і далёкага, дзе адзінае зносіны адбываецца па эпітэце. Затым ён накіроўваецца на поўдзень, у краіну пакорліва і па-ідыёцку ветлівай, дзе мясцовыя готыкі не змянілі свой погляд з часоў Скарлет О'Хары. Ён ідзе на паварот у Тэхас – там, калі вялікія арэхі ў каўбойскіх капелюшах жуюць жуйкі на кожным куце. І пасля кароткачасовага знаходжання ў гета – там, дзе кожная вуліца носіць назву "бульвар Марціна Лютэра Кінга", – ён трапляе ў Паўднёвую Каліфорнію, дзе ў кожным купальніку ўзвышаюцца хірургічныя ўзмацненне грудзей.

Іншымі словамі, Барон Коэн пайшоў па дарозе так часта, ездзіўшы па еўрапейскім парку забаў амерыканскіх стэрэатыпаў (і некаторыя з нас маглі б верыць, што толькі амерыканцы ўспрымаюць свет як пашырэнне Дыснэйлэнда!) "Астатні", аказваецца, сапраўды не прызнаюць класавую барацьбу альбо палітычную карэктнасць.

Барон Коэн напэўна ўспрымае – ці, прынамсі, хоча адлюстраваць сябе – сур'ёзна. Такім чынам, нікога не здзівіш, што тыя амерыканцы, якія атрымліваюць лепшае ў фільме, – гэта пажылая рэлігійна-рэлігійная пара, якая кіруе сняданкам і афра-амерыканская пазваніца (па-рознаму ў Інтэрнэце заяўлялася, што з'яўляецца актрысай ):

Я думаю, што частка фільма паказвае недарэчнасць прытрымлівання любой формы расавых забабонаў, няхай гэта будзе нянавісць да афраамерыканцаў ці да яўрэяў … Борат па сутнасці працуе як інструмент. Будучы антысемітскім, ён дазваляе людзям знізіць ахову і выкрыць свае забабоны, няхай гэта будзе антысемітызм ці прыняцце антысемітызму …. Я памятаю, калі я вучыўся ва ўніверсітэце, я вывучаў гісторыю, і там быў гэта адзін буйны гісторык Трэцяга рэйха Ян Кершо. І яго цытата была: "Шлях да Аўшвіца быў пракладзены абыякавасцю". Я ведаю, што гэта не вельмі смешна, калі комік размаўляе пра Халакост, але я думаю, што гэта цікавая ідэя, якая не ўсім у Германіі павінна была быць захопленым антысемітам. Яны проста павінны былі быць апатычнымі.

Але хіба гэта сапраўды тое, пра што мы гаворым з непрыгожымі амерыканцамі, барон Коэн сустракае ў Бораце? З аднаго боку, Крыс Джонс ставіць добры пытанне: ці сапраўды Барон Коэн павінен быў «перасекчы сажалку», каб знайсці такія трывожныя стэрэатыпы?

Паколькі Коэн, як паведамляецца, самы высокааплатны комікс у Брытаніі – і таму, што ён называе сябе радыкалам – вось фільм, які ён зараз павінен зрабіць. Давайце паглядзім, як ягоны Борат вырабіў некалькі культурных даведаў пра свой самазадаволены свет. Не будзе яму цяжка мець зносіны з расістам у лонданскім пабе. Ён мог бы пайсці на любы брытанскі футбольны матч і знайсці какафонію анты-гей-шпоры. Выйдзіце на вуліцу ірландца, балбатаючы пра ўсходнееўрапейскіх эмігрантаў, і хтосьці паставіць нагу. Борат мог правесці час з французскай готыкай з Дардоні. Ён мог бы навучыць нас пра тое, як Еўропа інтэгравала (ці не) сваіх грамадзян-мусульман. Хіба ў Гамбургу няма прастытутак? Давайце паглядзім, ці будуць яны рады ў вашым лепшым класе нямецкай вечарыны.

Як адзначае Эндру Мюлер пра фільм: "Што дзівіць кожнага амерыканца, з якім ён сутыкаецца, гэта не іх наіўнасць, а іх ветлівасць, гасціннасць і надзвычайная ступень, у якой Борат павінен распальваць сітуацыі, каб выклікаць рэакцыю. Калі б ён паспрабаваў гэтыя выхадкі ў многіх іншых Краіны – прыносячы вячэру на вячэру, апаганьваючы гімн перад радэа-публікай, – ён бы праводзіў рэкламную кампанію ў цязе ".

Я б сцвярджаў, што барон Коэн у пэўнай ступені няправільна інтэрпрэтуе рэакцыю тых, каго ён "выкрывае". Няўжо тое, што ён бачыць у большасці амерыканцаў, якіх ён здымае на магнітафон, тое ж самае, што ён сцвярджае пра "ангельцаў вышэйшага класа … так імкліва выглядаць ветліва перад камерай"? Я не думаю, што так. Я б сцвярджаў, што рэзерв, бяздзейнасць, агульнапрынятае паводзіны амерыканцаў Барон Коэн нараджаецца з жадання не абражаць госця, якім бы дзіўным ён ні быў, не размаўляць і не задаваць пытанні, каб не паказаць няведанне. У рэшце рэшт, найбольшы фальшывы пас, які можна зрабіць у сённяшнім глабалізаваным дні і ўзросце, як нам кажуць, – гэта здзекавацца альбо выказаць няведанне культуры нашага суразмоўцы. Не будзьце судзімыя, проста пагуляйце, ідзіце, каб ладзіць …

Гэта амерыканская сацыяльна-культурная laissez-faire – таксама вядомая як амерыканская эгацэнтрызм – у лепшым выпадку і ў горшым, свет, дзе прыватнае жыццё індывідуалаў можа дасягаць недарэчных памераў, няхай гэта будзе не распытванне суседа пра яго зарплату ці пра вартасць яе дома альбо не перашкаджае суседу па суседстве, хаця вы можаце ставіць пад сумнеў гукі, якія вы чуеце ноччу, як указанне на фізічнае або псіхічнае гвалт. Сапраўды, самы амерыканскі сустрэчны Борат! можна ўбачыць у заключным эпізодзе доўгачасовага камедыйнага серыяла Зэйнфельд, дзе чатырох галоўных герояў прыцягваюць да суду за невыкананне нядаўна прынятага закона "Добры самаранін" і дапамогу чалавеку, які трапіў у бяду, якога яны замест гэтага пацешылі з-за яго вагі – пашаны, прызначаны ці не, амерыканскаму эгацэнтрызму.

Гэта бяспечна? … Гэта бяспечна?

"Гэта бяспечна? … Гэта бяспечна?" гэта ўжо не проста тое, што вы чуеце ў стаматолага. Гэта думка, якая перакрыжавае розум людзей раней, альбо пасля таго, як яны смяюцца ў нашым постмадэрнісцкім свеце. Магчыма, урок тут складаецца ў тым, каб не ўспрымаць усё гэта празмерна сур'ёзна.

Насамрэч амерыканцы павінны быць удзячныя за такі фільм: ён паднімае люстэрка і распавядае, як некаторыя ў астатнім свеце бачаць нас. Як часта гаварылася, у мінулым многія, хто не любіў ЗША, мелі раздзеленую думку, якая аддзяляла знешнюю палітыку ЗША ад амерыканскага народа; усё часцей апытанні замежнай грамадскай думкі сведчаць аб тым, што замежнікі перастаюць рабіць гэта адрозненне (хаця сапраўды можа быць, што ўспрыманне першага негатыўна ўплывае на другое). Як ні круці, Барон Коэн эфектыўна падключыўся да замежных успрыманняў ЗША, і ён знайшоў дастатковую колькасць амерыканцаў, каб гуляць у брыдкіх стэрэатыпах, якіх ён ад іх бліскуча чакае.

З іншага боку, так, Вірджынія, гэта смела з Бората. Эндру Мюлер тлумачыць, чаму:

Прычынай таго, што Борат з'яўляецца такім вызваляльным абручом, з'яўляецца разуменне Барон-Коэна, што нішто не смешнейшае за тое, з чаго мы не павінны смяяцца, – і ў пачатку 21 стагоддзя ціск на нас, каб не пасмяяцца з адсталасці і глупства. іншаземцаў было немалым. Мы павінны сур'ёзна паставіцца да людзей, якія хочуць расстраляць мультфільмаў для малявання, і каменных жанчын, якія займаюцца сэксам – ні адна з іх, як ідэі, не больш старая, чым казахскі звычай, апісаны Боратам, змушаючы геяў насіць сінія шапкі.

Таксама мы не павінны занадта плакаць за Казахстан (Масква, вядома, не робіць). У адным з плакатаў на сайце, які абмяркоўвае, ці з'яўляецца "Борат добрым ці дрэнным" для Казахстана: "Без Бората Казахстан проста чарговая незразумелая цэнтральна-азіяцкая рэспубліка". Па-іншаму адзначаецца, што Борат адлюстроўваецца як "наіўны, але ён не жорсткі і дрэнны". Іншыя мяркуюць, што казахцы маглі б здзейсніць сапраўдны пераварот, калі б цяпер яны выкарыстоўвалі персанаж Бората ў фільме для продажу "рэальнага Казахстана". Прафесар Шон Робертс адзначае, што, паводле дадзеных GoogleTrends, Борат больш чым у два разы звыклы для Казахстана хіт Google падчас прасоўвання і разгар піяр-кампаніі фільма "Борат".

Застаецца толькі канчатковае прылада для барона Коэна, каб забіць Бората, каб ніхто больш не засмучаўся. Сціплая прапанова: як наконт "Даласа" – сюжэтнага твістэра з "Хто стрэліў у Бората?" Ці былі гэта амерыканцы, казахі, жыхары вёскі Глод? … Чаму менавіта барон Коэн

Why you should consider teaching in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is usually not the first place that you think of when you are again discussing a job abroad, but this is a new place with a huge educational reform that took place in recent years. There are plenty of opportunities for all teachers who are looking for an exciting experience in such a unique country, so definitely worth considering!

NIS (Network Nazarbayev intellectual schools) has a school in a number of places around the Kazakhstan, which conduct program of educational reforms. It aims at promoting a new way of teaching students and seeks to enlist the help of qualified and experienced English language teachers, to really push the project forward. The specific role of these foreign teachers is to work with local teachers, supporting and mentoring for planning, assessment and teaching. Accepting the proposal to find a job in one of these schools, you can study at the local faculty, and teaches them, you can share knowledge and skills and bounce off each other.

One of the most successful teachers in the field, Ian Shotter, a & # 39 is a teacher in the field of ICT, which was placed in the NIS school in the Kazakh city of Semey in Kazakhstan. Ian loves so much work, hoping to stay there for several years. Previously, he worked in various secondary schools in England, he had the experience and skills necessary to attract research institutes. In the UK, teaching style can be very different, and the language bar & # 39; EASURES can sometimes be a problem. But Ian feels he quickly adapted to the new way of working and feel that no one should it be postponed. Trained in the program it is written in collaboration with Cambridge University and is already making a country wide skills development and progression.

Kerry Johnson – another teacher who has been placed successfully in Kazakhstan. As a geography teacher originally from Missouri in the United States, it operates on an international level for more than 7 years, visiting a number of countries. It must also quickly adapt to a new way of learning, which is very different from American style. Kari especially like how diverse faculty, with whom he works, as well as students, representing a huge range of cultures and the environment. He has taught his cultural differences, and he has learned to adapt their training to the students. He was amazed at how so many different people and cultures can come together and work together harmoniously.

If you are using the opportunity to study abroad, flexibility, strength of character, adaptability and an adventurous spirit – all important traits. Saying goodbye can be a difficult and scary to start all over again somewhere entirely new, but the adventure is just beginning. Sometimes it can be challenging, but the adventure has to push you, and memories can remain intact.

Over the past few years, the number of international schools has grown a tremendous amount throughout the world, and the opportunities for teachers continues to grow. Schools provide a fantastic education for foreign children, and for the local children, who tend to be educated in English. Most schools have enjoyed great reputation for the possibility that they can give. In countries such as Kazakhstan, the school even stand the face of education in the entire country. This all means that this is an exciting time for qualified and experienced teachers who want to travel. Be part of the education reform can be a compelling and challenging experience that can allow teachers to grow professionally and personally to develop a wide range of skills along the way.

Pony Express Territory, Nevada

Open ground, the endless views of the valley with a carpet of sagebrush and colorful mining town, a few places experience delight Nevada, as well as the territory of the Pony Express. The territory covers the Nevada Center, seeping US Highway 50. Its name reflects the fact that the US Highway 50 parallel to the historic Pony Express route, which stretched from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California in the early 1860s.

It is a region that has one foot firmly planted in the 19th century and the second in the 21st century. Only a few small towns strung along the highway, which was indicated Life magazine as "the loneliest road in America." And perhaps it is. Motorists who experience loneliness, if it is not surrounded by buildings and traffic, can feel isolated. But the rest will find rest in perfect solitude.

Pony Express Territory – is a land of unsurpassed natural wonders and magical city of mountains, which still look like and more than a century ago. Traveling on the east to the west, your first stop on US Highway 50 to be in a national park and large swimming pool, where the ancient pines shchatsinnika live. These rigid giants that grow only at altitudes above 10,000 feet, can live up to 4,000 years. The park also has hiking trails leading to alpine lakes and majestic peaks, including the 13,063-foot Wheeler Peak, the second highest point in the state of Nevada.

Lehman Caves, which can be accessed through the center of the park for visitors, offering fantastic images of stalactites and stalagmites, developed over hundreds of years. The small town of Baker, located five miles east of the park, offers restaurants, a motel and a gas station.

About an hour north-west of the park is Elie, a former copper mining town, which serves as a great base for trips to the regions many recreation areas and historic sites. The town has many restaurants, hotels and restaurants, as well as murals, which come to life the history of the city.

Northern Railway in Ely Nevada Museum includes a rail yard, shops and lively interior Nevada Northern Railway – short line, which operated from 1906 until the beginning of the 1980s.

The refurbished station East Ely is a small museum and gift shop. But the main point to stop & # 39 is a trip on the "Ghost Train of Old Ely." During weekends and selected excursions being offered on trains with historical railway number number 40, Baldwin locomotive 1910 album his sister engine number 93, the US consolidated in 1909, the steam engine. Train enthusiasts can even become engineers and actually control the steam or diesel locomotive on a journey of 14 miles in a narrow mountain canyon.

Seventy-eight miles west of Ely Eureka is one of the best-preserved mining towns of the 19th century in the state of Nevada. Founded in 1864, Eureka boasts many original buildings, some of which have been carefully restored. The most impressive courthouse of Eureka, which opened in 1880. After the road is the Eureka Opera House, built in 1880, which has been renovated into a modern conference center and a performing arts center. The well-preserved museum Eureka Sentynel offers exposure to the local history and in many press equipment used for the manufacture of a city newspaper, published in the period from 1870 to 1960.

Next comes the Austin, one of the most successful mining camps of Nevada. Silver was discovered here in 1862 and for several years, Austin has become the second largest company in the state. Special attention deserve the three historic churches in the city: Catholic Church of St. Augustine, built in 1866; Metodystskaya church built in 1866; and the Episcopal Church of St George, built in 1878. Austin and the surrounding mountain ranges Toyabe, Tokima and Hot Creek – popular destinations for mountain bikers, who aspire to a bright blue sky, rugged terrain and lack of crowds.

Between Austin and Fallon, Sand Mountain – a unique two versts sand dune 600 feet high, that appeals to fans of sand buggies, dirt bikers and skiers with sand. Express Station Sand Sand Pony, found south of the dunes, with a & # 39 is one of the best preserved examples of the type of raw rock enclosures used by riders Pony Express.

West on US Highway 50 – archaeological site eaves. Explanatory signs guide visitors along the trail, hung with petroglyphs on rock drawings made by local people who have lived in the area between 5000 BC and 1500 AD

Twelve miles west of Fallon is known for cantaloupe and fighters. Awarded Fallots designs Hearts O & # 39; Gold – one of the best products of this rich farmland. It is also the headquarters of the US Navy flight school "Top Gun." Fighter aircraft are often found with maneuvers in the sky above society. While in Fallon, visitors can also enjoy the Churchill County Museum, which contains exhibits from the description of the regional Native Americans, the path of immigrants and rural life at the turn of the century. There is excellent fishing and camping at the reservoir Lahontan, just 17 miles west of Felon. Campers are also welcome in the near Fort Churchill, army post of 1860, supported in a state of arrest. Both areas – public parks.

Near National haven for wildlife Stsilavot – an important habitat for a variety of water birds, including pelicans, swans, ducks and ibises.

Pony Express Territory – is a place of history, natural beauty and unsurpassed recreational opportunities. Therefore, go to the "most lonely road in America" ​​and discover the region, which has been called the heart and soul of the Silver State.

Christmas Tree Farms in New Jersey

A visit to a Christmas tree farm and buying a live spruce grown in New Jersey can be a memorable holiday for the whole family & # 39; and? The process can be any where from an hour to a good part of the day, depending on what you and your family & # 39; I want to get the experience.

Choices of a living tree in New Jersey much. You can cut your own tree, or pick a live tree and make it a cut-off for you, or buy a living tree already truncated or buy a living tree that you can plant.

To enhance the experience of family fun, you can go to a farm for a Christmas tree, which offers sleigh rides, hay rides in the winter and associated events and entertainment.

Fresh trimmed fir will not only bring warmth, beauty and rich flavors of the season into your home, but will last throughout the holiday when care properly.

Christmas trees – a renewable resource. They are grown as a crop; plant, cut and grow, to gather for fun! Where every tree cut, are to be planted a new seedling. Farms for Christmas tree not only provide beautiful green belts around the state of New Jersey, they are also environmentally friendly. They consume large amounts of carbon dioxide and a large amount of oxygen is introduced into the atmosphere, thereby purifying the air we breathe. D ate produces the daily oxygen requirement for 18 people.

A selection of live Christmas trees

When choosing a tree, select the tree that best suits your needs. Determine where it will be located in the house and what type of jewelry you – they are weighty or light? These considerations will help you to choose the types, height, shape and density. Among a variety of types of spruce trees that are grown in New Jersey, the best option to keep the needles & # 39 are all the pines; Austrian, Scotch, White and Mexican border. Douglas-fir, Concolor and Fraser Fir are also excellent. Colorado spruce fir is very good, and the spruce Norway and White – are valid.

It is difficult to measure the height of the trees in the field. Consult with a farm for a Christmas tree, usually they have a measuring stick. Despite the fact that you can not cut a tree even with the ground, and you will need to cut an additional piece of wood, when you come home, your stand will add about four inches and your top piece another four inches to the final height. your tree. Therefore it is recommended to choose a tree that is somewhat shorter than the height of your ceiling.

Caring for a live spruce

With a few simple steps you will be able to enjoy the tree throughout the holiday season!

Fresh cut tree, brought home in advance, bringing it indoors for decoration, should be placed in a container of water in a cool, shaded place, protected from the wind. If you hold out, make sure that the water supply does not freeze. Before you bring it into the room, cut an inch from the end. This fresh cut will enable the tree to draw water. Place the tree in the stand, which can be placed one to two liters of water. Since fresh cut trees absorb a pint every day up to a liter of water, check the water level at least once a day and always keep the water level above the cut. Always keep the example of the tree in water. If he remained without water more than a few hours, juice sealed cut stem, and it will no longer absorb water. Contents drevastoynaga tree filled with water to prevent needle drop and prolong the freshness and color of the wood.

Choose a place in your home that is not too close to the fireplace, heat duct or radiator. Place the tree in a stand of wood with plastic mesh. This facilitates moving and straightening wood. Networks can be removed after the tree is created.

After removal of the tree network will need a couple of hours to restore its natural shape. Fill the water stand. At the initial filling useful warm or hot water.

Caring for trees and planting.

If you choose sharavanuyu and destroyed (dug) Christmas tree, a few days before her to bring indoors, it should be placed in unheated, protected enclosure (outbuilding, garage, ports, basement) or in the north-eastern part of the house. This conditioning process adjusts the tree to the effects of rapid changes in temperature and humidity that occur in the room. Before you bring the tree indoors, place it in a sink or similar waterproof container. To help stabilize it around the root ball can be bombarded with sand or gravel. Keep the root ball moist; About a pint per gallon of water daily will maintain a tree 5 to 6 feet. Ideally, it is better to maintain an elite tree in the premises from 65 to 68 degrees and not more than seven days.

After the tree is dismantled, can not stand it directly on the street. If possible, gradually enter into a colder temperature, after placing it in a safe place for a few days. Hole where you want to plant a tree, you should dig in the approximate depth of 18 inches before the ground freezes, and will be located inside the ground where it can not freeze. Fill the hole with leaves and cover it with plastic. Do not remove the burlap and strapping before planting. Once the tree is placed (top of the root ball should be level with the original soil class), fill it halfway – saving soil, cut off the harness, rolled burlap and complete the hole. Plastic covered root ball is treated the same, except that before planting need to cut slits in the plastic bottom half – this facilitates water drainage and root penetration. Water thoroughly and mulch.

Disposal and recycling your Christmas tree.
Disposal and recycling of Christmas trees can be coordinated with the local municipal authorities, which usually offer recycling programs. Skolvayutstsa trees into mulch and available free of charge the owner of the property. These trees can also be placed in your yard, where birds can use them either as a shelter for the winter, or as a feeding station, when the food is hanging from the branches.

Spruce exposed biyaraskladannyu, its branches can be removed and used as mulch in the garden. On the Correct removal ate contact your local municipality.

List of Christmas tree farms New Jersey

Below is a list of popular farms Christmas tree in New Jersey. While this list is quite relevant in this article, weather & # 39; s and economic conditions in the timber farm in the last minute can change, and it is strongly recommended to call in advance to the farm, to confirm their supply, operation time and they continue to let the trees of choice or cutting, or simply pre-crop trees. Do not drive there if you can not contact them by phone!


Vacation Farmhouse, August
973-948-7488 … 44 August Hill RD … Route 80 West to exit 34B. Rte. 15 north to the intersection with Rte. 206 # 39 & Ross; Area / Park Skyland. Right on Rte. 206N first left onto Augusta Hill Road. The farm is located ½ mile. left.
species … 2500 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norwegian, Douglas-fir, Canaan fir Belvider

Farm Wood Wyckoff, Belvider
908-475-4508 … 249 County Route 519 … I-80, exit 12 of Rte 521S to 519S (10 miles from Rte 80), I-78, exit 17 of Rte 31N to Rte 46W to Rte 519S ( Brand mile 39). species … 600 trees; Douglas-fir
Open the … 8: 30-4 (daily), November 24 – need to decide


Glenview Farm, Blairstown
2 … 908-362-6904 Lane Glenview … I-12 NA 80 Yield – Rete. 521 – 4 miles. in Blairstown, left on Rte. 94 – 1 mile. Magikanskaga to headquarters; With Newton – Rte. 94 C 12 mi. in Mohican Rd. 4 miles. – rt. Geisler on Rd. – Farm 1 mile.
species … 500 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norway, Douglas-fir, spruce tsvilavaya, freyzernaya fir, spruce, Canaan Open the … 9-5 (daily), November 24 – December 17

Farm Spruce Holly Jolie, Blairstown
908-362-6327 … 56 Maple Lane … Yield 12 on Rte. 80 W Blairstown. At the traffic lights, move to the Millbrook Rd to Maple Hill Lane. Left on Maple Lane. Farm is on the left.
species … 200 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norwegian, Douglas-fir, spruce flowering
Open the … 12-4 (Sat and Sun), November 25 – December 17


Farm Alghero Tree, California
908-832-2298 … 7 Lighthouse Rd light … from Rte. 78 leaving 24 (Oldvik) 7 miles. N or Rte. 517. Turn left on Beacon Light Rd. up to the first house on the left.
species … 400 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norwegian, Douglas-fir, spruce flowering
Open the … 8: 30-5 (Sat and Sun), 2 – December 24

Chesterfield (Next to Bordentaunam)

Farm spruce goose ate, Chesterfield
609-298-2498 … Borden-194 Georgetown Rd. (Rte. 545 S) … NJ Tpk. Yield 7 or I-295N output 57A, take Rte. N. 206 or Rte. 130 N towards Bordentown, 1st right onto Rte. 545 S. Continue 4 miles. Farm business. Or Rtesa intersection. 537 and 545, take Rte. N 3,5 545 mi. Farm on the left. From McGuire AFB, take Rte. 680 watts.
species … 1,000 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norway, white pine, Douglas-fir, spruce, Canaan fir Serbian, all freyzernyya ate beforehand are cut.
Open the … 9-5 (daily), November 24 – December 24


Barclay & Farm
35 Orchardsayd Drive, Cranbury, NJ, 08512
609-799-1855; Hours: weekends from 9 am to 5 pm, November 27 – December 19
Directions: NJTpke Yield 8A, Rt Rt 32 W to 130, for example 130 Rt 1.5 miles to light at Dey Rd. Right on Dey Rd. 1.5 miles to the right – Orchardside Dr. From Rt 1, east Scudders Mill Rd, 2 miles to left at 5th light on Dey Rd. 3.7 km turn left at Orchardside Dr.
Choose and harvest: Douglas fir, Fraser fir, Canaan fir, Blue spruce, fir Norway
Features: One low price. Saws, chain, rope and assistance provided free of charge.

farm Simansana
Dey Road and George Davison Road, Cranbury, 609-799-0140
Hours: MF 12-7, Sat & Sun 9-6.
Directions: From NJ Tpk to exit 8A. Incurred directly from the toll road in the direction of Rte. 535. At the traffic lights turn left onto Rte. 535 S. Follow to third traffic light and turn right onto Rte. 614 (Day councils.) West. Right on 614Vt 1.9 miles. to the U-cut field or 3 miles to the retail market.
Views: 3,000 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norway, white spruce, white pine, Douglas-fir, fir tree blossoms, freyzernaya fir, spruce, Canaan
Currently, they are blank Douglas fir, blue spruce, Norway spruce, white pine tree and tree Gvozdeva Canaan. We have two farms where you can cut your own tree. One is on the road of George Davison in Cranbury and the other on the Day Road in Cranbury. Trees cut down on these fields … this means that you will have the pleasure to cut down their own tree. If necessary, saws available. They supply twine and trees can be wrapped for easy transport.

cream ridge

Farm Bulak, Cream Ridge
609-758-8726 … 83 Emleys Hill Rd … C I-195, yield 16 take Rte. 537 W past Great Adventure. Take the second right on Emleys Hill Rd. Approx. 1 ½ mi., Farm business.
species … 250 trees; Norway spruce, white pine, Douglas-fir
Open the … 9-5 (Wed -. Nia), November 24 – December 23 East Brunswick

Zhamarez Farms, East Brunswick
732-821-9494 … 155 Fresh Pond Rd … From the area of ​​New Brunswick – Take Rte. 1 S to the 2nd exit from Milltown, which will be the main Saint-out, will be transferred to Rte. 1. Once on the main street, staff Milltown, count 3 traffic lights from Rte. 1. Turn right at Avenue Hulthau that with a 39 & # 3rd light. Go E ¼ to break up the road. Bear rt. at Fresh Pond Rd. Go about 2 miles. Farm business on top of the hill under the number 155. A large sign in front.
species … 300 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norway, white spruce, Douglas fir, spruce blooms, Fraser fir, Canaan fir
Open the … 10-5: 00 (Tue – Sun), November 24 – December 24 (closed Monday


Farm Meadowview, Farmingdale
732-938-7181 … 60 Birdsall Rd … ½ mile. south of Farmingdale on RTÉ. 524. Left on Birdsall Road. The first farm on the left.
species … 200 trees; Norway spruce, white pine, Douglas-fir
Open the … 9-4: 00 (Sat and Sun), November 25 – December 24


farm Cherryville
14 Joe Ent Road Flemingtan, NJ, 08822, 908-806-4580
Hours: open 9:00 am until dark, Saturdays and Sundays – starting Saturday after Thanksgiving.
Directions: Located one mile east of Quakertown on Route 616 (Quakertown Road), City University of Franklin County Hanterdon.
Species: Fir Canaan fir tsvyarovaya, Douglas fir, blue spruce and fir Norwegian
Features: Tags, saws and mowers available. Wreaths, crafts and refreshments Cut your own, otherwise you cut them for you. —– Marking, saws and mowers available
Wreaths, crafts and refreshments.


The fastest economy
244 Werimus Road, 201-666-0472, Hillsdale
Christmas trees, wreaths, all of the items associated with Christmas, with Santa's Enchanted Forest, which is represented on a good day in New York


Evergreen Farm, Lebanon
908-236-9550 … 4 Bass Lane … Rte. 20A to 78 watts output (Lebanon). Turn first right onto Rte. 22 W. At first light turn left (jungle) (Round Valley). Go 3.3 miles. on Rte. 629 on Bass Lane OR Rte. From 31 N to Flemingtana Melas Hill. Take it to the end. Turn right onto Rte. 629 on Bass Lane.
species … 500 trees; Blue spruce, Douglas fir, solid spruce freyzernaya spruce, fir Canaan
Open the … 10-5 (Fri, Sat, Sun), 18 November – 17 December. Closed Thanksgiving, but open to designations of wholesale. November 1


Farm Christmas Tree Anne Helene, Manalapan Twp.
732-786-9277 … 114 Daum Rd. Manalapan … garden state Pkwy Exit 123, Rte. 9 to C. Gordon Angle Str. output. Directly on Tenentu (5.4 mi.) To the Reed-Dame. NJ Tpk Yield 8, Rte. 33 E (7,9 miles). From left to Woodward Rd. (.4 miles). First left onto Daum Rd.
species … 3,000 trees; Blue spruce, spruce, Norwegian, white pine, Douglas-fir, Fraser. Open the … 9-8 (daily), November 20 – December 23


McLaughlin Farm Wood Robinsvil
609-259-8122 … 1312 Old York Road … Located on Rte. 539, 2.1 miles. north of highway I-195 (yield 8). Through Herbert Road. 3.5 miles north of Alentaun and 4 miles. south of Hightstown. Easily accessible from Rtes. 195, 130 and the NJ Turnpike through the exit 8.
species … 1,000 trees; Douglas-fir, spruce, Canaan, Scotch pine
Open the … 8-5 (Sat & Sun and up.) 25 – December 24


Farm rosewood, Rosemont
609-397-1809 … Route 519 … From Flemingtana – RTÉ. 12 W Rte. 523 right on Rte. 604 Rte. 519. Turn right onto Rte. 519. Farm 300 yards. With Trenton – Rte. 29N through Lambervil and Stockton. Right on Rte. 519 for 1.5 miles. on the farm.
species … 1,000 trees; Blue spruce, fir Norway, white pine, spruce, Canaan, Scotch pine Open the … 9-4: 30 (Fri – Sun), November 24 – December 23


Shale Hills Farm
98 Pond School Road, Sussex, 973-875-4231
Directions: At the intersection of the housing. 23 or 94 n-rate. 23 N. – 1 1/2 miles. Double S Diner on left – Turn-by-Diner on Pond School Rd. – 1.2 miles. Farm – sign.
Views: 700 trees; Blue spruce, Norway spruce, Scotch pine, Douglas-fir
Opening hours: open weekends after Thanksgiving Day from 9:30 am to dusk.


Christmas Tree Farms Vilard, Trenton
609-587-1776 … 300 Basin Rd … Rte. 1 to baker Rd pool. (.5 miles. South of I-295 overpass), 1 mile. Rd to the pool. business. Farm 1 mile. left.
species … 1,000 trees; Blue spruce, Douglas fir, Fraser fir, spruce Bal'zaminova
Open the … 12-5 (Monday – Friday), 8-6 (Sat and none) 24 – 23 of December. Enjoy hay rides, if you choose a tree from our fields and cut down his own. We have pre-cut trees that have been freshly cut from our fields. Christmas trees, which we have available – is white pine, white pine, Douglas fir, Norway and Colorado blue spruce. There is also a fresh-dug balavanyya and cut trees from our fields. You can enjoy in the room during the festive season and then plant outdoors to enjoy for a lifetime. All farms are ropes, wreaths and greens for all your holiday decorating needs.

Whitehouse station

Holly Plantation Bauf, Whitehouse Station
908-534-2622 … 88 Cole Rd … I-78 and Rte. 22 and Rte. 523, two miles south of Rte. 620 (Dreahook Rd.), ¼ mi. in Holland Brook Rd. – Turn right, go 1.5 miles. to breed on the road, turn right onto Cole Rd.
species … 200 trees; Blue Spruce, Fir Canaan fir Black Hill
Open the … 9: 30-5 (Sat and Sun), 24 November – 23 December.


Farm Christmas Tree Edwards, Wrightstown
609-758-7729 … 338 Jacobstown-Cookstown Rd … From Mt. Holly, take RTE. 537 E. right at the light in Jacobstown-Cookstown Rd. Farm is one mile away. With Freehold take Rte. 537 W. left at the light in Jacobstown-Cookstown Rd. Farm is one mile away.
species … 200 trees; White pine, Douglas-fir, Scotch
Open the … 9-4: 30 (daily) December 1 – December 24

Today, women in professional bass fishing – where are they?

Last week I had an operation, and I could not fish and drive, so I worked on the site and talking with friends on Facebook while viewing live tournament and about why we do not see many women in professional Bass fishing activities.

It really made me think about it, because I did not pay it much attention as I should have.

I decided to contact with old friends, who are engaged in professional fishing on bass, both men and women, and I think you will be surprised that some of them said.

Firstly, in case you did not know, women have always been allowed to catch fishing.

The first woman to participate in a BASS tournament was Vojai Reed. She fished in 1991 Missouri invitatsy and took 58th place! not bad, but it still does not indicate that women are going to win a lot of awards Bassmaster Angler of Year, or to start taking home trophies Bassmaster Classic.

And as of 2018, they have not!

I had an online store, guide services and radio shows in the very beginning of the Internet.

I participated in the old Redmen tours, where I met a lot of fishermen, which today is carried out in a professional manner the fish, and I opened the Bass Pro shops in Harysburgu County, Pau, where I conducted seminars for a TTI Blackmore. That allowed me to communicate with a lot of professionals in the Fisheries on bass. I got in touch with Andre Moore, who took part in the reaction and started to wear accessories and interviewed him on the radio show. I was on the "classic" when he proposed to Kim Bain on stage.

I thought how thoroughly it is such a team as fishing Classics, will go far together.

Kim Bain Moore became the first woman to compete in the Bassmaster Classic classics. She was qualified by winning the title of "Fishing basmaystra year" for women in 2008. In the classics it took 47 th place out of 51 fishermen. It was her first and last!

Pom Martin Wells was the second woman, who caught the classics. As Kim Bain Moore, she was qualified after winning the WBT AOY 2009 award. She took 22th place out of 51 fishermen in Classic.Pam. Martin-Wells – is the most perfect fishing in BASS history. Martin-Wells occupies 123rd place in the list of prize BASS funds of all time and is $ 308,321.14. Ninety-nine percent of this is earned through the WBT or her unique classical appearance.

After the dissolution of TSWV in 2011, no woman has even come close to qualifying for the championship.

Janet Parker came pretty close to qualifying for the Elite 2011.

Sabrina Thompson some time has been profiled on the local station information in Texas, she – praryvistka and participated in this weekend's Bass Pro Shops Bassmaster Central Opens.

So why is this a big deal?

She was the first black woman, who fought in the tournament bass fishing.

She is vice-president of the International Federation of Anglers and has a non-profit organization "Texas Wrangling Anglers", where she teaches women and children the basics of fishing.

Engaged in fishing in the north-east and in my country, on fishing and hover bass for over 30 years I had the opportunity to meet many professional anglers, both men and women. I spent time with Judy Wong in the "classics", I was there for the first tournament Christy Bradley River descendant, so I was hoping to see the woman who won the Tour on a class or FLV.

Christian Bradley went to fourth place at the Bass Pro store in the South Discovery at Lake Douglas included in BASS history.

It was the best finish a woman who was ever in the BASS cooperation, beating Diana Clark in the fifth place finish at the Red River at the Open Channel in 2010.

I took Mary Divincenti, female champion Bassmaster Classic, which was engaged in fishing in the FLW, and transmit it to their broadcasts, so I was waiting for these many women in professional fishing bass, given the fact that all changed in the bass fishing for women, and I personally know some of them, and that is what prompted me to contact today with the leading fishing men and women to find out what their thoughts on why it did not happen.

Here's what they said when I asked: "Why Do not see today more women fish on a professional level?"

I think that with the growing popularity of this sport, you will soon see women who fish at the highest levels. Since the program of high school and college grow fast they involve girls in the earlier ages, allowing them to spend more time on the water for training. Until now, the guys that worked well at the professional level, have many years of experience fishing with his parents, grandparents, uncles and friends. This time on the water gives them a huge advantage over women. When women are younger and they see a viable profession, they can invest their time and effort to attract women to the sport.

Matt Herron

I would say that it's just a mathematical interest. Probably, there are some great female anglers, but for each one there are literally tens of thousands of large male anglers. That is why no woman can not claim to be elite. The first will earn three million a year, when it will sell! We'll see.

Chad Pipkens

Statistics show that women anglers growing number.

Your question is why the number of competitive female anglers is not increased?

Personally, my story begins with the family & # 39; and that catching fish, with her husband, who was fishing, and now supports my competition in the Lady Bass Anglers (LBAA), and before that as the co-authors in the Pro Tour "Bassmaster Women & # 39; s "(WBT). ).

I started fishing with her husband, back in the mid 80s. It was very comfortable to fish with my husband. But I admit that the first time he asked me if I would be with him to catch a team tournament, I was not sure that other men will welcome home the angler. I admit I was wrong, and I was very welcomed, and later my husband came to be called "Martha's husband."

Amendments to the fishing in the draw of the tournament was for me great. Since my husband and I have always fished, I took care of the education of other fishermen, men and women. The presence of female tour (WBT) was an opportunity that I need. With that, I started to catch fish BFL, and the ABA Open (and as a co-angler and boat). Now I fished as a professional / boat with Lady Bass Anglers.

I also had the support of family & # 39; and.

In the 80s, my sister watched our two children so my husband could go fishing on Saturday tournaments.

My husband is amazing! He & # 39 is my "bass" when I go to the states that participate in the tournament. He supports me and helps other homes.

What should be more women anglers:

Ladies feel comfortable, to start a new adventure

Opportunities to "grow" the number will give anglers


Facilitating the participation of ladies

enable women to know how to get started


Currently, women's professional tour – Lady Bass Anglers. Days Bass n & # 39; Tack and WBFA, WBT, etc. … gone. I've seen so many new anglers start with LBAA. The opportunity to fish with women's tour is huge. Some ladies need a comfort zone to get started. (I did …)

I would like to see greater support and participation in the LBAA.

Today women's tour and the opportunity for the ladies – this Lady Bass Anglers. Top sponsors the opportunity to offer the best prize packages and the payment would be huge. Many anglers financial rewards is not enough to ensure travel over long distances and time commitment.

Rest time and the competition … LBAA now has three regular-season tournaments and classic.

Child care – usually a woman with a & # 39 is the main person who cares about his family & # 39; S.

In one family & # 39; boats and husband should share the "time of the boat with their wives." I saw that many husbands have to go through the tournament, so they have a boat, and "the wife stays at home with the children."

Ladies need to know how to feel comfortable competing in men's tournaments. To make it more comfortable, start to compete in the team tournament with a family member & # 39; and or a friend

Check out the command paths:

The American series of pairs of bass anglers

fishers of men

Local team trails

Open team tournaments

to ask questions

The first question is how to use the toilet …

Invest in proper clothes. Dress for the weather & # 39; I.

March Gudfello

I honestly think this is all that is needed to change the … Girls today have the opportunity to start to improve your skills fishing fishing with the support of his family & # 39; and members of the team and coach with a fishing high school team, not just the pope or grandfather longer .

I think that girls who are interested in sports, will encourage parents, after all, fishing can get them full scholarships to college! Then they have fishing college team to lean on! You can not just wake up one morning and say that this year I'll catch fish classic. But his path now more affordable than ever. I think you'll see more girls in the sport in the coming years.

Sarah Hicks Boyet

For one, money is not the same, where they should be. But for this to happen, more women would be to buy boats and motors, and not to fish with a total boat. This topic arose many years ago with Mr. Dan Shadam with Mercury.

Barbara Stevenson

I think one of the big problems is that most women do not participate for the right reasons. Many women go fishing with her husband or boyfriend. Not because they do sports. I live breathe and sleep fishing. I feel that I have a natural instinct for the sport. I really think it starts at the youth level. We need to ensure that our young girls involved in sports as early as possible.

Kendra Mueller

I have a lot I can say on this subject. Every day I ponder. I think that the reasons for so much. Passion. Donation. Seven & # 39; and. Confidence. Debt. Duties. A lack of respect. Pressure. Time. Finance.

I think the question to get to this, is why women fish? Or why men are fishing? Why women can fish different. Some may skazats- Well, I did it to spend time with your significant other. I did it for attention (most never recognize). To find someone who speaks my passion, and everything that I can think of would be few and far between this and this is what you need to do anything at this level. Women feel the pressure because everyone is looking at the standings to see where they end up. We have the most terrible enemies, because we do not believe that we can go fishing. We have a duty to our family & # 39; It and be mothers. It makes us feel so selfish, leaving our children to pursue their dreams, when we technically do not need to be on the sidelines. It's hard to swallow as a mom.

Sometimes you sacrifice time at home, while at work or too many funds to outweigh the profit obtained. If you go when the victim is not balanced, you fish, looking over his shoulder.

Sometimes it's just not worth fishing women, because their peers do not put them with respect. They do not include surahs & # 39; ozna. They talked again. They are, as they are smaller than males. In addition, sometimes just to them are treated like a piece of meat. Who she slept? Why do women want to do this when they have to deal with all the others?

So much I like to say. We need more women. As we grow up, and some of the best parts of working life happy and live in it.

Ms. Melinda Hayes

I tried to contact Lauren Shtamps, the first woman who received a college scholarship for Fisheries on the bass, but at the time of this article, I still had not heard from her.

I contacted Kryshtay Fields, managing TheReelagent.com, to find out how she & # 39 Hank is an agent of cherries, Jacob Paroroznika and other professionals.

She said she believes that women prevent themselves to compete on a professional level with men in the tour. This way of thinking, and what they need to get out of their own galls and realize that this "game in the fishing, not the gender game", the bass do not know, you're a man or a woman! They do not know who your sponsors! Be a woman who knows and do not let other people's opinions have any control or meaning in your life. You are on the same playing field when they enter the water!

Kryshta Fields



I spoke with Christy Bradley on the phone, and she had a lot to say, much of what has been said, was very similar to what I said Kryshta Fields. Christie also noted that she also has extensive experience in the problems encountered during the journey, and she is confident in its ability to fix the apartment, working on a trailer or motors and return to the water. It has no effect on her mental game. In most cases, it is only financial for her.

I had a lot of thoughts about it after talking with everyone and read what they said in a statement on Facebook, which I did.

We also have today men seksualisty? Of course, probably always will be.

Will the sponsors of today that will enhance and promote fisheries high school students and college, to be on the ground floor of a real opportunity to make money? Yes!

After talking with all the fishermen and some sponsors, one that stuck was this: "The first woman who has strengthened the confidence and relationships that need to compete and win in the tour with men is not only in bass fishing history, but rich. will!

Only the name of a woman who survived, is the ability to do that Christy Bradley agrees with what the one who knows it! If we see a woman who makes the Elite and makes history, it would be Kristen Bradley.

You can visit her and check on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ChristianaBradley/

Essential facts about Garbage

No, this is not the state of Missouri in the USA! This Mussoorie, the beautiful hill station located about 34 km from Dehradun, in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Located at an altitude of about 2000 meters above sea level, with its lush green hills and the mountains, combined with exotic flora and fauna, is a fascinating holiday resort. Pretty it is known as the "Queen of Hills", the picturesque beauty of the place attracts tourists from around the world. About garbage all brilliantly. hill station – a paradise for travelers.

Rubbish panoramic views of the snow-capped Himalayas powerful. After visiting this place memories will last you for many years. The debris can be reached by air, landing in Dehradune, which is 34 km away; they can be used under the & # 39; to go to the site. The nearest railway station is also located in the city of Dehradun. The roads leading to the debris, composed of numerous bends pins for hair, which makes it exciting for you. There is no doubt that you and your family & # 39; I'll spend an unforgettable time in this beautiful hill station. A fascinating aspect of Mussoorie – this ropeway Ropeway, which carries you from one hill to another.

The best time to visit this place – or from mid-April to mid-May, and September to November. Winters are cool spine, and the summer is quite warm and pleasant. Waterfall Kempten quite famous for being a & # 39 is the biggest waterfall at such a height. Nag Tybba – a well-known place for hiking, if you are a man of adventure. This place has become a tourist destination for many years because of the noisy crowd, who made his way to this town in season. Another interesting question of Rubbish – what the locals are very warm and hospitable, and they go out of their way to help you.

The debris and around there are many good schools. Here is the National Academy of Administration, where the training of civil servants. Hotel is not here ten. All hotels are very accommodating, and the prices are pretty average, depending on the time of year. A colorful arrangement of these hotels with & # 39 is an added advantage. Thus, if you have concerns about the garbage, just turn aside from them and start to pack your bags in this beautiful place.